1. Family: Haloragaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Laurembergia P.J.Bergius
      1. Laurembergia tetrandra (Schott) Kanitz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America, W. Tropical Africa to Chad and Angola, Madagascar.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1900 - 2300 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Haloragaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Suffrutescent usually decumbent or ± erect herb up to 30 cm. tall, or trailing and sometimes forming mats; stems ± branched, often reddish, densely pubescent-villous to entirely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely sub–3-nate, mostly sessile, somewhat fleshy; leaf-lamina 5–15(20) x 0·5–5 (7) mm., linear, linear-oblong, ovate, elliptic or obovate, rounded at the apex, ± cuneate at base or narrowing into a short petiole, margins entire or 1–4-dentate towards the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Fascicles of 7–11 (15) flowers, of which the central one is hermaphrodite and has a filiform pedicel 0·3–1·8 mm. long and the others are female and sessile or almost so.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube slightly constricted at the apex, c. 0·3 mm. long, with 8 smooth or 3–4-mamillate longitudinal ribs and ± distinct nerves alternating with the ribs; calyx-lobes c. 0–2 mm. long, narrowly triangular, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 0·8–1·2 mm. long, oblong, slightly cucullate, absent in female.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, oppositisepalous; anthers linear; filaments filiform.
    Style
    Styles short; stigmas capitate, papillose.
    Fruits
    Nutlets up to 0·9 x 0·6 mm., barrel-shaped, reddish-brown, with 8 smooth or (2)3–4-tuberculate longitudinal ribs often confluent in pairs, tubercules whitish, glabrous to villous.
    [FTEA]

    Haloragaceae, R. Boutique (Jardin botanique national de Belgique) & B. Verdcourt (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Suffrutescent semi-decumbent or ± erect herb 10–20 cm. tall, sometimes forming mats; stems often reddish, glabrescent to entirely and densely pubescent-villous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, sessile or shortly petiolate, slightly fleshy; blades linear, linear-oblong or narrowly ovate, elliptic or obovate, 0.5–1.5 cm. long, 0.5–7 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or slightly to distinctly 1–4-toothed towards the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Fascicles of 7–15 flowers, of which 1 is pedicellate and hermaphrodite and the others sessile or subsessile and ♀.
    Flowers
    Hermaphrodite flowers with pedicel 0.3–1.8 mm. long; calyx green or pinkish, with the tube slightly constricted at the apex, ± 0.3 mm. long, with 8 smooth or 3–4-mamillate ribs and ± distinct longitudinal nerves between the ribs; calyx-lobes narrowly triangular, 0.2 mm. long, acuminate; petals 4, white or pink, oblong, 0.8–1.2 mm. long, cucullate; stamens 4; anthers linear-oblong; filaments filiform; styles present; stigmas {PAGE}{PAGE}capitate. Female flowers without petals.
    Hermaphrodite
    Hermaphrodite flowers with pedicel 0.3–1.8 mm. long; calyx green or pinkish, with the tube slightly constricted at the apex, ± 0.3 mm. long, with 8 smooth or 3–4-mamillate ribs and ± distinct longitudinal nerves between the ribs; calyx-lobes narrowly triangular, 0.2 mm. long, acuminate; petals 4, white or pink, oblong, 0.8–1.2 mm. long, cucullate; stamens 4; anthers linear-oblong; filaments filiform; styles present; stigmas {PAGE}{PAGE}capitate.
    Female
    Female flowers without petals.
    Fruits
    Nutlets pink, obovoid, 0.7 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide, with 8 smooth or 3–4 mamillate ribs often confluent in pairs, the tubercles white and bead-like.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Paraguay, Senegal, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Laurembergia tetrandra (Schott) Kanitz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1964 Schott [s.n.], Brazil K000485229
    Polhill, R.M. [1761], Tanzania 31093.000
    Gardner [2843], Brazil K000485230
    Timberlake, J. [5215], Mozambique K000613943
    Mphamba, S. [26], Mozambique K000613722

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 13(2): 378 (1882)

    Accepted by

    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 81-89: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mendes in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4: 31 (1970).
    • A Raynal in Webbia 19: 693 (1965).
    • Schindler in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 225: 74 (1905).
    • Kanitz in Fl. Brasil. 13 (2): 378 (1882).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0