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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Ajuga L.
      1. Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa to New Guinea.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Ajuga, C.W. Lukhoba. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Nepal, Hamilton s.n. (BM!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial much-branched spreading sometimes rhizomatous herb, 5–20 cm tall, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes
    Stem
    Stems erect or decumbent at base then ascending, slightly pubescent at the base, becoming denser towards the inflorescence with long retrorse white hairs; base of stem may be coloured pinkish blue
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading, subsessile to shortly petiolate; blades oblanceolate to elliptic, 3.5–11 × 0.5–4 cm, margin serrate towards the apex and more or less entire towards the base, with 2–6 teeth per side, to crenate, apex acute to rounded, base cuneate, sparingly pubescent to pubescent with antrorse hairs, upper leaf surface greyish green, slightly pubescent and veins mostly undetectable, the lower surface more pubescent and lighter green than upper surface; veins visible; leaves and petioles near the base of the stem may be tinged pinkish; petiole 0–5 mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 25 cm long, lax at the base, becoming congested towards the apex; verticils with 8–15 flowers; bracts lanceolate, partially serrate to entire; pedicels 0–0.5 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx actinomorphic, sometimes weakly 2-lipped, 4–6.5 mm long; lobes lanceolate to deltoid, pubescent, curving inwards at maturity
    Corolla
    Corolla white to pale pink, lilac-blue, blue, mauve to violet, 6–13 mm long; tube 4–9 mm long, slightly curved and widened at the base, and splitting into 4 flaps as the fruit matures, with a mat of hairs near the base in a thick line just above nutlets; posterior lip with lobe emarginate; anterior lip up to 4 mm long; lobes with scattered hairs
    Stamens
    Stamens exserted
    Fruits
    Nutlets dark brown, obovoid, 2–3 mm long, reticulately ridged, glabrous
    Figures
    Fig 2: 2-4, p 16
    Ecology
    In wooded grassland, forest openings, open grassland in wet zones, in grassland subject to seasonal burning; 1100–3400 m
    Conservation
    Least concern
    Note
    The name A. integrifolia has been frequently overlooked in the past. African material has often been referred to A. remota. That name was reduced to a synonym of A. bracteosa by J.D. Hooker in the Flora of British India in 1885 and has not been used in the Himalayan region since. The African material is not identical to that from the Himalaya. There are minor differences evident in the indumentum, shorter and more appressed in Ethiopian material at least, and the arrangement of the flowers, which do not run into terminal inflorescences with leafy bracts (as the name bracteosa implies), but occur in the axils of leaves not differing much up the stem. However the differences are scarcely of specific merit and it seems more practical to include all forms of this complex under A. integrifolia. Codd in F.S.A. 28 (4): 7 (1985) retains the material from South Africa as a separate species, A. ophrydis Benth., noting that it is very close to the East African, Ethiopian and Indian material, but has a less dense tomentum on the leaves. It might also be included in an enlarged A. integrifolia, but there is a large gap in the distribution from southern Tanzania to the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa, so it seems inadvisable to include it at this stage.
    Distribution
    Range: Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and the Himalayan region Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Assam, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fries, T.C.E. [1088], Kenya K000509057
    Wallich, N. [2031], Nepal Ajuga densiflora K000820581
    Wallich, N. [2031], Nepal Ajuga densiflora K000820582
    Wallich, N. [2031], Nepal Ajuga densiflora K000820583
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2031], Nepal Ajuga densiflora K001114933
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2031], Nepal Ajuga densiflora K001129359
    Ash [1468], Ethiopia Ajuga alba 35694.000
    De Witte [1802], Zaïre Ajuga alba K000192980 Unknown type material
    Verdcourt, B. [384], Kenya Ajuga remota 2727.000
    Mathews, B.F. [6034], Kenya Ajuga remota 33896.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2033], India Ajuga remota K001114935

    Bibliography

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 108 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 5: 528 (2006).
    • Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 108 (1825)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0