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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium abyssinicum (Benth.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to N. Tanzania, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Clinopodium, O Ryding. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Tigray, Mt Scholoda, Schimper I. 326 (K!, holo. BM, BR, S, STU, UPS!, iso.)
    Habit
    Woody herb with a rootstock, subshrub or sometimes annual herb, erect or ascending, up to 8–200 cm tall
    Stem
    Young stems sparsely to densely hairy with spreading or recurved eglandular hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, petiole 0.05–0.8 times as long as the blade; blade ovate, broadly ovate or rarely elliptic or oblate, up to 0.7–4.5 × 0.4–3.5 cm, margin crenate, apex rounded, obtuse, subacute or sometimes acute or acuminate, base rounded or cuneate-attenuate, rounded-truncate or cordate, mostly with sessile glands on both sides
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence with verticils spaced or crowded; cymes (1–)3–many-flowered
    Calyx
    Calyx straight or almost so, indistinctly or slightly 2-lipped, 3.5–8 mm long; posterior lip lobed along 70–100 of its length, central lobe 1.5–4.5 times longer than broad; two lobes of anterior lip 0.9–1.3 times as long as the lateral lobes of the posterior lip (both measured from their common sinus)
    Corolla
    Corolla 6–12 mm long, pink, purple, mauve, violet or white
    Stamens
    Stamens included in corolla tube or up to as long as posterior corolla lip; anthers with the thecae parallel and tightly arranged
    Fruits
    Nutlets ellipsoid or ovoid, rounded, obtuse or sometimes acute at the apex, 0.8–1.3 × 0.4–0.7 mm, 1.5–2.2 times longer than broad, slightly mucilaginous when wet.
    Note
    C. abyssinicum is divided into two strikingly divergent varieties. These varieties are rather distinct in Ethiopia, but are very difficult to delimit in East Africa. Consequently, many collections cannot be classified at infraspecific level. That does also apply to the collections from T 7 (e.g. Greenway 8385 and Magogo 2401). They constitute a geographically isolated form, which resembles var. condensatum in some respects and var. abyssinica in other respects. The form has the following combination of characteristics: plants tall, densely hairy with short hairs; leaves narrow, pedicels short, calyces long and the posterior stamens almost as long at the posterior corolla lip.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clinopodium abyssinicum (Benth.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hooker [s.n.], Ethiopia Micromeria abyssinica K000193389 Unknown type material
    Schimper [326], Ethiopia Micromeria abyssinica K000414948 isotype
    Schimper [326], Ethiopia Micromeria abyssinica K000414946 isotype
    Schimper [326], Ethiopia Micromeria abyssinica K000414945 isotype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1424], Ethiopia Micromeria abyssinica K000414947

    Bibliography

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Micromeria abyssinica.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Micromeria abyssinica.]

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Somalia 3: 332 (2006).
    • J.L.S. 150: 400 (2006)
    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0