Skip to main content
  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium simense (Benth.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Clinopodium, O Ryding. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Gondar Region, Semien, Mt Bachit [Bauchit], Schimper II. 999 (K!, holo. BM!, pro parte, UPS!, pro parte, iso.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb, prostrate to ascending
    Stem
    Young stems with spreading eglandular hairs of very different lengths
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, the petiole 0.2–0.8 times as long as the blade; blade elliptic, ovate or subcircular, up to 0.5–2.5 × 0.4–1.8 cm, margin crenate, apex rounded to subacute, base rounded, truncate, slightly cordate or cuneate-attenuate, with sessile glands on the underside only
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax or mostly with the verticils crowded in the apical part; cymes 1–15-flowered
    Calyx
    Calyx often purple, ± sigmoid, strongly 2-lipped, 3.1–6.2 mm long; posterior lip lobed along 25–75 of its length, central lobe 0.9–1.4 times as long as broad; two lobes of anterior lip 0.75–1.2 times as long as the lateral lobes of the posterior lip (both measured from their common sinus)
    Corolla
    Corolla purple, pink or white, 4–10.5 mm long
    Stamens
    Posterior stamens sterile and ± reduced or sometimes apparently fertile; anthers divaricate
    Fruits
    Nutlets ellipsoid, rounded at the apex, 0.6–1.1 × 0.5–0.9 mm, apparently not mucilaginous when wet
    Ecology
    Moist or wet grassland, moist open woodland or shrubland, forest edges, often by streams, lake or seepage areas, mostly in partial shade; 1700-3500 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widespread and unlikely to be threatened
    Note
    The species can be divided into some forms with slightly overlapping distribution areas, of which the following two occur in East Africa. 1) A form with prominently dentate-serrate leaves, many-flowered cymes, and rather small flowers. The most typical representatives occur at rather low altitudes in U 1 ( Stauffer 948) and K 3 ( Beentje 1942). Gereau et al. 3190 from T 7 is close, but has the leaves less prominently dentate. 2) The other form has the leaves typically smaller and less prominently lobed, 1–3-flowered cymes and larger flowers. The most typical representatives occur on higher altitudes in U 2 ( Hedberg 610) and K 3/4 ( Fries & Fries 2429). The collection from T 6 ( Thulin & Mhoro 1053) is similar to this form, but also approaches C. kilimandschari.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa (Kivu), Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia Flora districts: U2 U3 K3 K4 K5 T2 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clinopodium simense (Benth.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1144], Ethiopia Clinopodium cryptanthum K000193406 Unknown type material
    Schimper [722], Ethiopia Clinopodium cryptanthum K000414982 Unknown type material
    Quartin-Dillon [2], Ethiopia Clinopodium cryptanthum K000414983

    Bibliography

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 516 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Ryding, O. (2006). Revision of Clinopodium simense group (Labiatae) Kew Bulletin 61: 419-432.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Satureja simensis.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Satureja simensis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Ryding, O. (2006). Revision of Clinopodium simense group (Labiatae) Kew Bulletin 61: 419-432.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 516 (1891).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0