1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria cristata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Tropical Asia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 100 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Subshrub; cystoliths present.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic, ovate or lanceolate, base and apex attenuate or acute, surfaces strigose mainly on veins beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers held in contracted 2–5-flowered unilateral cymes, or single-flowered in upper leaf axils; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 8.5–16 mm long, apex spine-tipped.
    Calyx
    Calyx conspicuous, initially green or tinged purple, turning scarious, anterior and posterior lobes ovate-trullate, the former 14.5–19 × 6.5–8.5 mm, the latter somewhat longer, margins spinulose-toothed; lateral lobes lanceolate, 6–8 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue, mauve or white, tube cylindrical towards base, campanulate above attachment point of stamens, 31–43 mm long; limb of 5 lobes, abaxial lobe splitting from tube before remaining 4 lobes, each 11–22 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, exserted, bithecous, thecae at equal height; staminodes 3, lateral pair with small antherodes.
    Ecology
    Native of tropical and subtropical Asia. Widely and commonly cultivated in the tropics.
    Vernacular
    Philippine Violet.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Christmas I., Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Barleria cristata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cavalerie, J. [2685], Yunnan K000885377
    Bidgood, S. et al. [5027] 74601.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2506], Nepal K001116254
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116250
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116251
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116252
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116253
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116255
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116256
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116257
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7144], Myanmar Barleria laciniata K001126780
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116258
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116259
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116260
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116261
    Wallich, N. [2508], Malaysia Barleria dichotoma K000885452
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508], Nepal Barleria dichotoma K001116269
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116272
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116273
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116274
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116275
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 2508], Malaysia Barleria dichotoma K001116271
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116270
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116262
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116263
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116264
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116265
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116266
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116267
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116268

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 636 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae: 353 (2010).
    • —Maroyi in Kirkia 18: 193 (2006).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
    • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0