1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria crossandriformis C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Shrub or perennial herb 60–200 cm tall; stems glabrous or uppermost internodes minutely pubescent on two opposite sides.
    Spines
    Axillary spines absent or minute, 4-rayed, stalk to 0.8 mm long, longest ray 1–4.5 mm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate or elliptic, 4.3–13 × 2.3–6 cm, base attenuate, apex acute, obtuse or attenuate, apiculate, glabrous or margin and veins, sparsely strigose beneath; petiole 7–23 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical or subcapitate strobilate terminal spike 3–12 cm long, each cymule 1-flowered, sessile; bracts ovate or upper pairs elliptic, 14–23 × 7–14 mm, apex acute or shortly attenuate, mucronate, surface densely pubescent with mixed short eglandular and glandular hairs, some longer ascending hairs especially along veins; bracteoles elliptic to lanceolate, 7–13.5 × 2–3.5(5) mm, base attenuate, apex acuminate to cuspidate.
    Calyx
    Outer calyx lobes subequal, (ovate-)elliptic, anterior lobe 10.5–13.5 × 8–10.5 mm (flattened); posterior lobe 12–14.5 mm long, both with a strongly revolute margin, apex shortly attenuate, indumentum as bracts but glandular hairs very dense, venation subparallel; lateral lobes 11.5–13.5 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla (23.5)27.5–37 mm long, yellow, orange or salmon-coloured, pubescent externally; tube (10.5)13–16 mm long; limb in 4+1 arrangement; abaxial lobe (8.5)10–16 × (6)8–11.5 mm, offset by 3.5–7 mm; lateral lobes as abaxial but 5–11 mm wide, adaxial lobes 4.5–10.5 mm wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments (9)14–20 mm long, pubescent in proximal two-thirds; anthers 2.4–3.8 mm long; lateral staminodes 0.7–1.5 mm, pilose, antherodes 0.9–1.3 mm.
    Ovary
    Ovary puberulous; style pubescent at base; stigma 0.8–1.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 16.5–18 mm long, puberulous.
    Seeds
    Seeds c.8.5–9 × 7 mm.
    Distribution
    Also in NE South Africa and Swaziland.
    Ecology
    Bushland and woodland on rocky hillslopes and gullies, riverine bushland and secondary grassland; 20–650 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Scarce in our region but locally common in N South Africa and habitat not threatened; Least Concern.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Barleria crossandriformis C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 29, 1899 Galpin, E.E. [887], South Africa K000394534 Unknown type material
    2795.000

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5: 51 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Bandeira et al., Fl. Nat. Sul Moçamb.: 160, 191 (2007).
    • —Fabian & Germishuizen, Wild Fl. Nthn. S. Afr.: 396, pl.190 (1997).
    • —Compton, Fl. Swaziland: 552 (1976).
    • —Obermeijer in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 144 (1933).
    • in Fl. Cap. 5: 51 (1901).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0