1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria lancifolia T.Anderson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Perennial herb or subshrub 30–70 cm tall, woody at base; lower stems densely and minutely white-velutinous, uppermost internodes with ± numerous spreading glandular hairs, sparsely to densely puberulent, sometimes with scattered appressed-strigulose hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate, narrowly ovate-elliptic or ovate, 2.8–10.5 × 1–3 cm, base attenuate or cuneate, apex acute or rarely obtuse, apiculate, surfaces soon glabrescent except for margin and midrib beneath sparsely strigulose; lateral veins 4–5 pairs; petiole to 15 mm. Leaf buds densely white-strigulose and/or white-velutinous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary in upper portion of branches, 1–3-flowered; peduncle 0–8(25) mm long; bracts foliaceous, often much-reduced at upper nodes where typically linear or oblanceolate, 11–20 × 2–5 mm, often with scattered glandular hairs; bracteoles linear, oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 6–20.5 × 0.5–3.5 mm, spreading glandular-pubescent, veins strigulose; pedicels 0–4.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx somewhat accrescent; outer lobes equal, elliptic to ovate, 7–15.5 × 4.5–9.5 mm in flower, 12.5–20 × 9.5–13.5 mm in fruit, base rounded to acute, apex rounded to subattenuate, that of anterior lobe often minutely notched, external surface ± densely spreading glandular-pubescent, main veins also strigulose, internal surface puberulous, venation palmate or subparallel, prominent; lateral lobes lanceolate, 5–9.5 mm long in flower, 9–13 mm in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla 26.5–41.5 mm long, blue, mauve or lilac with paler tube, whole flower sometimes whitish at anthesis, lateral lobes eglandular- and glandular-pubescent externally, elsewhere glabrous; tube funnel-shaped or narrowly so, 13–18.5 mm long, basal 3.5–7.5 mm being 3.5–4.5 mm wide, rapidly to gradually widening to 5.5–10 mm at throat; limb in 4+1 arrangement; abaxial lobe 12–18.5 × 7.5–15 mm, offset by 3.5–7 mm; lateral lobes 10–16 × 7.5–14 mm; adaxial lobes as laterals but 6–10 mm wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens attached 4–5 mm from corolla base; filaments 16.5–25 mm long; anthers 3–4.5 mm; lateral staminodes 0.7–1.3 mm.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely puberulous in distal half; style glabrous; stigma 1.5–2.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 14–17.5 mm long, puberulous mainly on beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds c.6.5 × 5 mm.
    Distribution
    Also in Angola, Namibia, Swaziland and South Africa (Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape).
    Ecology
    Various types of dry woodland (Acacia, mopane), thicket and open wooded grassland, scrub on open rocky hillslopes, sandy or clay soils; 100–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread and often common; Least Concern.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cuba

    Barleria lancifolia T.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [16], Namibia K000450263
    Jun 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [16], Namibia K000450264
    May 1, 2008 Kolberg et al. [HK1472], Namibia K000449632
    Gossweiler [10960], Angola K000394512 isotype
    Welwitsch [5195], Angola K000394514
    Gerrard, W.T. [1266], South Africa K000394532 syntype
    Gossweiler, J. [4948], Angola Barleria gossweileri K000394502 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [5194], Angola Barleria alata K000394513

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 28 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Fabian & Germishuizen, Wild Fl. Nthn. S. Afr.: 390, pl.187 (1997).
    • —Compton, Fl. Swaziland: 553 (1976).
    • in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afr. 130: 15 (1968).
    • —Meyer in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 381 (1957).
    • —Obermeijer in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 147 (1933), excl. B. alata S. Moore.
    • —Moore in J. Bot. 40: 407 (1902).
    • in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 28 (1863).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/