1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria lugardii C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Perennial herb or subshrub 10–60 cm tall; stems strigose with white anvil-shaped hairs, young stems often spreading glandular-pubescent; mature stems with pale greyish bark, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate-elliptic, 2.5–6 × 1–2.5 cm, base attenuate, apex acute or obtuse, margin and midrib beneath sparsely strigose, sometimes with short glandular hairs towards base; lateral veins 3–5 pairs; petiole 0–5 mm. Leaf buds densely white-strigose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary but in densely-flowered plants forming a terminal thyrse, 1–3-flowered; bracts foliaceous, often narrowing upwards; bracteoles linear(-oblanceolate) to narrowly elliptic, 6–22 × 0.5–3.5 mm, indumentum as leaves but with glandular hairs often more widespread; flowers (sub)sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx somewhat accrescent; anterior lobe ovate, 5.5–14 × 2–6.5 mm, apex attenuate, entire or bifid with linear lobes 0.5–4.5 mm long, strigose on margin and principal veins, often also with scattered glandular hairs, venation palmate to subparallel; posterior lobe 6.5–16.5 × 2.5–7.5 mm, margin often involute and partially enveloping anterior lobe, apex attenuate; lateral lobes lanceolate, 3.5–6.5 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 16–21 mm long, white, pubescent on lateral lobes externally with mixed glandular and eglandular hairs; tube cylindrical, 7–10 mm long, expanded somewhat towards mouth; limb in 1+3 arrangement; abaxial lobe 9–11.5 × 5–7 mm, offset by 0.8–2 mm; lateral lobes 7.5–10.5 × 4.5–6.5 mm; adaxial lobe as laterals but 3.5–5 mm wide, apex emarginate.
    Stamens
    Stamens attached 2–3.5 mm from base of corolla; filaments 13–20 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long; lateral staminodes 0.5–0.8 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely pubescent in distal half; style pubescent at base; stigma 0.8–1.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 11–15.5 mm long, shortly pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5.5–7 × 4.5–6 mm.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania and Namibia.
    Ecology
    Various dry woodland and thicket types, often over stony or sandy soils, sometimes open rocky hillslopes; 350–1150 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Locally common in N Botswana, W Zimbabwe, C & S Tanzania; assessed as Least Concern in F.T.E.A.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Barleria lugardii C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 21, 1898 Lugard, E.J. [128], Botswana K000394510 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 161 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 402 (2010).
    • —Welman in Germishuizen et al., Checklist S. Afr. Pl.: 79 (2006) in part.
    • in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afr. 130: 15 (1968).
    • —Meyer in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 382 (1957).
    • in F.T.A. 5: 161 (1899).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/