1. Family: Lauraceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Beilschmiedia Nees
      1. Beilschmiedia ugandensis Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Sudan to W. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Lauraceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 3-27 m. tall with rounded crown; bark flaking in roughly circular patches; cork thin beneath; slash red to nearly yellow near wood, fibrous, deeply pitted and prominently radially lined in cross section, exuding colourless sap; young branches ferruginous pubescent with buds fulvous tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades drying ± lead-coloured above, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 2.5-17(-19) cm. long, 1.5-8.5 cm. wide, subacute to obscurely acuminate or rounded at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 0.6-1.3 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers brownish yellow to pinkish brown, ± fleshy, 2.3-3(-4.2) mm. wide, pubescent, in panicles 3.5-8 cm. long; peduncles 1-2.5 cm. long; pedicels 1.5-3(-4) mm. long; all axes puberulous or slightly to quite densely pubescent; bracts ovate, keeled, 7 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, ferruginous tomentose, deciduous; perianth-lobes 1 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 0.5-1 mm. long; staminodes 0.5 mm. long, shortly stipitate.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous save for a few bristly hairs at junction with receptacle or pubescent (see note), together with style ± 1.3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit dull purple to black when mature, ellipsoid to elongate-ellipsoid, 2.5-4 cm. long, 1.4-2 cm. wide, with dark red juice.
    [FZ]

    Lauraceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 12(15) m high; bole 20–30 cm in diameter; bark greyish, rough; young branches brownish, drying blackish, angular, smooth, puberulous to glabrous; buds fulvous appressed-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous or coriaceous, glabrous, drying dull brown above, paler beneath; petiole, 0.6–1.2 cm long; lamina 6.0–21.5 x 2.5–8.0 cm, oblong-elliptic to elliptic or obovate, obtuse or shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base; midrib flat above, strongly prominent below, lateral nerves in 8–14 pairs, tertiary nerves forming a fine reticulum visible on both surfaces but prominent below.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal or axillary panicle of cymes 3–9 cm long, many-flowered, laxly much-branched, rufous-pubescent or greyish-puberulous all over; peduncle 0.5–2.0 cm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers reddish or greenish-brown, 1.5–2.5 mm long and 3–4 mm in diameter at anthesis; pedicels up to 1.5 mm long; receptacle ± two-thirds the length of the flower, cup-shaped, puberulous within; tepals ± one-third the length of the flower, rounded-ovate, obtuse at the incurved apex, puberulous inside and outside.
    Androecium
    Fertile stamens 9, glabrous, arranged in 3 whorls; stamens of the first and the second (outer) whorls 0.5–0.8 x 0.5–1.0 mm, sessile or subsessile, hairy at the base with anthers dehiscing introrsely; stamens of the third whorl with short hairy filaments, anthers dehiscing laterally to extrorsely with 2 reniform glandular appendages attached to the receptacle near the base of the filaments; staminodes 3, in a fourth whorl, c. 0.5 mm long, lanceolate-triangular, subsessile, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary c. 0.7 mm long, ovoid, glabrous, immersed in the receptacle; style c. 0.7 mm long with a pointed stigma.
    Fruits
    Drupe pinkish or purplish, ellipsoid or ovoid, mature ovary not enveloped by the receptacle.
    Embryo
    Embryo axis vertical.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Beilschmiedia ugandensis Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 2, 1950 Dawe, M.T. [964], Uganda Beilschmiedia dawei K000350966 Unknown type material
    Aug 11, 1910 Freeman, R.W. [1074], Uganda Beilschmiedia dawei K000350965

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 203 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hamilton, Field Guide Trees Ug.: 142 (1981).
    • Robyns & R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 421 (1951).
    • Robyns & R. Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 20: 217 (1950)
    • Robyns & R. Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 19: 463 (1949)
    • Rendle in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 37: 203 (1905).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0