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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Abrus Adans.
      1. Abrus melanospermus Hassk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by D.K. Harder

    Habit
    Subshrub to liane prostrate to twining ascending, with woody stems up to 6 m long. Subshrub to liane prostrate to twining ascending, with woody stems up to 6 m long.
    Roots
    Rootstock usually woody, fibrous or rhizomatous. Rootstock usually woody, fibrous or rhizomatous.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous to densely spreading-pubescent to appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured. Stems glabrous to densely spreading-pubescent to appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured.
    Leaves
    Leaves (10)12–38-foliolate; petiole short to more than 2 cm long; leaflets 0.35–5 × 0.1–2 cm, oblong to oblong-obovate, truncate or broadly rounded and with a short stiff point at the apex, truncate to rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous to densely silky pilose on upper surface, glabrescent to densely silky pilose beneath; stipels minute, c.1 mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, subulate, caducous. Leaves (10)12–38-foliolate; petiole short to more than 2 cm long; leaflets 0.35–5 × 0.1–2 cm, oblong to oblong-obovate, truncate or broadly rounded and with a short stiff point at the apex, truncate to rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous to densely silky pilose on upper surface, glabrescent to densely silky pilose beneath; stipels minute, c.1 mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, subulate, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 2.5–24 cm long; flowers subsessile in fascicles on cushion-like short shoots; bracts and bracteoles minute, under 1 mm long. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 2.5–24 cm long; flowers subsessile in fascicles on cushion-like short shoots; bracts and bracteoles minute, under 1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–3 mm long, subtruncate, shallowly lobed or distinctly toothed, appressed-pubescent, indumentum rust-coloured to silvery. Calyx 1.5–3 mm long, subtruncate, shallowly lobed or distinctly toothed, appressed-pubescent, indumentum rust-coloured to silvery.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream, yellow, orange, carmine-red, to purple, usually pale pink, drying yellowish, 8–15 mm long. Corolla white, cream, yellow, orange, carmine-red, to purple, usually pale pink, drying yellowish, 8–15 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.2–7(9) × 0.8–1.5 cm, oblong or linear-oblong, compressed, smooth, sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured. Pods 2.2–7(9) × 0.8–1.5 cm, oblong or linear-oblong, compressed, smooth, sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured.
    Seeds
    Seeds greyish- or deep red-brown, sometimes speckled with violet or darker brown, 4–6 × (2)3–4.5 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong or pyriform, usually strongly compressed, arranged with longest dimension across the pod; rim aril minute with a conspicuous remnant cartilaginous funicle. Seeds greyish- or deep red-brown, sometimes speckled with violet or darker brown, 4–6 × (2)3–4.5 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong or pyriform, usually strongly compressed, arranged with longest dimension across the pod; rim aril minute with a conspicuous remnant cartilaginous funicle.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Venezuela

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Abrus melanospermus Hassk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 282 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —Harder in Novon 10: 124 (2000).
    • Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor: 282 (1844).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-251. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0