1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Afzelia Sm.
      1. Afzelia bipindensis Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast to SW. Uganda and Angola.

    [FWTA]

    Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Tall forest tree, to 130 ft. high
    Corolla
    Petal with red-purple claw and white crumpled lamina turning pink
    Seeds
    Seeds black and shining with orange aril.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian forest, Guineo-Congolian forest.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Doussie, Doussie Rouge
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tall tree, 18–40 m. high; bark usually reddish-brown and scaly (but said on Sangster 538 to be “grey, fairly smooth”); young branchlets glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves:rhachis with petiole 9–32 cm. long; leaflets (4–)5–7(–8, fide F.C.B.) pairs, petiolulate, oblong to oblong-elliptic, 5–13(–20, fide F.C.B.) cm. long, 2.6–5.8(–7, fide F.C.B.) cm. wide, ± apiculate or shortly acuminate at apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweetly scented, with hypanthium 1.5–4.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals densely tomentellous outside, outer 2 elliptic, 1–1.7 cm. long, 0.8–1.5 cm. wide, inner 2 obovate-elliptic, 1.4–2 cm. long, 0.9–1.6 cm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petal upwardly turned, 3.5–6 cm. long, with a long red-purple claw, and a crumpled ± bilobed lamina 3–5 cm. wide which is white at first and then turns pink.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7 fertile, with pubescent filaments, red like the style; staminodes 2, elongate, 0.5–2 cm. long.
    Style
    Style very sparingly pubescent.
    Fruits
    Pods curved-reniform, (8–)11–19.5 cm. long and 5.5–8 cm. wide (fide F.C.B.).
    Seeds
    Seeds black, ovoid-ellipsoid, 2.5–3.3(–4.5, fide F.C.B.) cm. long, 1–1.7(–2, fide F.C.B.) cm. wide, with a deeply bilobed orange aril, one at least of whose lobes reaches to about the middle or near the top of the seed.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest; ± 900 m.
    Distribution
    U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Uganda, Zaïre

    Afzelia bipindensis Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8889], Nigeria 15666.000
    Zenker, G.A. [3738], Cameroon K000417736 Unknown type material
    Mildbraed [9397], Cameroon K000417737
    Nov 28, 1932 Mac Gregor, W.D. [540], Nigeria Afzelia caudata K000417739 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 426 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Léonard in Fl. Congo Belge 3: 355, t. 26, fig. 27 D.
    • Kennedy For. Fl. S. Nig. 101
    • For.Trees & Timbers Brit. Emp. 2: 21, fig. 3
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 49: 426 (1913)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 459 (1958).
    • Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 216 (1956).
    • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 355, t. 26, fig. 27/D (1952).
    • J. Léon. in Reinwardtia 1: 65 (1950)
    • Chalk, Burtt Davy, Desch & Hoyle, Twenty W. Afr. Timber Trees (For. Trees & Timb. Brit. Emp. 2): 21, fig. 3 & photos. (1933).
    • Chalk, Burtt Davy & Desch, Some E. Afr. Conif. and Legum. (For. Trees & Timb. Brit. Emp. 1): 28, 33 (1932).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 700 (1930).
    • Harms in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 49: 426 (1913).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Aubreville, A. (1965). 9. Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora du Cameroun. Aubreville & Leroy
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0