1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Afzelia Sm.
      1. Afzelia quanzensis Welw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; forest, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; forest, Somalia-Masai scrub forest, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian woodland, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and t
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Mahogany Bean, Pod Mahogany, Rhodesian Mahogany
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Tree to 25 m tall; bark grey, irregularly fissured, later flaking to leave paler patches.
    Branches
    Branchlets brown, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules c.9 × 2 mm, narrowly elliptic, upper parts early caducous (only seen in seedling material); petiole 2.5–4(6) cm long, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent; rachis (7)12–19 cm long, almost glabrous; leaflets opposite to subopposite, in (3)4–6(7) pairs, 4–8.5 × 2.5–4.8 cm, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, almost symmetrical, apex rounded or emarginate, base cuneate, glabrous, usually with a small dot-like gland at proximal side of base either on lower surface in angle between margin and midrib or on the margin itself; venation slightly prominent on both surfaces, marginal vein prominent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences appearing leaf-opposed, usually simple, racemose, 4–7-flowered; axis sparsely to densely puberulous; bracts c.6 × 5 mm, broadly ovate, puberulous, early caducous; bracteoles paired, 6 × 4 mm, broadly ovate, puberulous, caducous; flowers spirally arranged on the axis; pedicel c.5 mm long.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium c.15 mm long, puberulous like the pedicel.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 4, puberulous outside, glabrous inside, margins sparsely glandular-pilose particularly towards the tip, the outer two c.1.7 × 0.9 cm, broadly triangular, somewhat auriculate at the base, the inner two c.2 × 1.2 cm, broadly ovate, cuneate at the base.
    Corolla
    Petal entirely red or green with a red median line, c.3.5 cm long, claw c.2 cm long, pilose near the base, abruptly expanded into a broad bilobed lamina c.2.5 cm wide.
    Androecium
    Fertile stamens 7–9; staminodes usually 2; filaments c.35 mm long, pilose near the base, otherwise glabrous; anthers dorsifixed>i>.
    Pistil
    Ovary c.3.5 × 1.5 mm, oblong, pilose particularly on the margins, 10–15-ovulate; stipe c.3 mm long; style c.25 mm long, glabrous; stigma capitate, papillose.
    Fruits
    Pod 10–20 × 5–8 cm, straight, oblong, flattened, apiculate, the pedicel attached asymmetrically at the base, glabrous, tardily dehiscent, 5–13-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds arranged at right angles to the long axis of the pod, smooth, black, 2.6–3.5 × 1.2–1.7 cm, ellipsoid; aril orange or red, 0.8–1.3 cm long, cup-shaped.
    Germination
    Germination epigeal; first true leaves opposite, paripinnate, in 4 pairs, elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 1.5–35 m. high, with very spreading crown; bark grey to pale brown, reticulate, or coming off in large flakes leaving yellowish-brown patches; branchlets pubescent, puberulous, or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves:rhachis with petiole 6–32 cm. long; leaflets (mature) (3–)4–6(–7 or, fide Roti-Michelozzi, to 9) pairs, petiolulate, ovate-elliptic, oblong-elliptic, or elliptic, 2.3–9(–12) cm. long, 1.5–6.0(–7.2) cm. wide, rounded, or sometimes obtuse, and often emarginate at apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences erect, of simple or once-forked racemes; axis 2–7.5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers very sweetly scented, with hypanthium 1.1–2.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals shortly pubescent or puberulous outside, outer 2 elliptic, 0.9–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–1.3 cm. wide, inner 2 obovate-spathulate, 1.7–2.5 cm. long, 0.9–1.8 cm. wide.
    Corolla
    Large petal upwardly-turned, 2.5–4.5 cm. long, ± pubescent and green outside, red inside, with a rather long claw suddenly widened into a deeply bilobed lamina 2.2–3.1 (–3.8) cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7(–9) fertile, with glabrous to pubescent filaments mostly green like the ovary.
    Style
    Style pubescent or glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods straight, 7–23 cm. long, 4.5–8.3 cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, oblong-ellipsoid or ellipsoid, 2–3.4 cm. long, 0.9–1.7 cm. wide, with an orange, red, or vermilion, cup-shaped basal aril.
    Figures
    Fig. 22.
    Habitat
    Thickets, woodland, lowland dry evergreen forest; 0–1340 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Uganda

    Afzelia quanzensis Welw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holmes, W.D. [889], Zambia K000210539
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8049], Zambia 13190.000
    Jackson, G. [981], Malawi K000210526
    Jackson, G. [1385], Malawi K000210530
    Tanner, R. [306], Tanzania 15664.000
    Brenan [8049], Zambia K000210536
    Story, R. [4816], Botswana K000489524
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2593], Zambia K000210538
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1233], Zambia K000210540
    Angus, A. [1724], Zambia K000210535
    Kirk, Malawi K000210527
    Kirk, Malawi K000210528
    Kirk [s.n.], Malawi K000210529
    Mitchell, B.L. [2857], Zambia K000210542
    Forbes [s.n.], Mozambique K000417734
    Welwitsch [628], Angola K000417732
    Welwitsch [594], Angola K000417733 Unknown type material
    Mutimushi, J.M. [1584], Zambia K000210541
    Macuácua, L. [1387], Mozambique K000210544
    Groenendijk, E.M.C. [2100], Mozambique K000210531
    Gilges, W. [115], Zambia K000210537
    Gomes Pedro, J. [4435], Mozambique K000210533
    Gomes, A.F. [3634], Mozambique K000210534
    Gomes, A.F. [4414], Mozambique K000210532
    Gomes, A.F. [4835], Mozambique K000210546
    Koning [9575], Mozambique K000210545
    Jansen, P.M.C. [7529], Mozambique K000210543

    First published in Apont.: 586 (1859)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 98, fig. 21/J (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 96, fig. 18 (1961) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
    • Roti-Michelozzi in Webbia 13: 142 (1957).
    • Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 215 (1956) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
    • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 354, fig. 27/B (1952) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
    • J. Léon. in Reinwardtia 1: 64 (1950)
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 87 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 109 (1949), pro parte, excl. fig. rami floriferi (= Intsia bijuga).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 63 (1936).
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transv. 2: 327, fig. 53 (1932).
    • Chalk, Burtt Davy & Desch, Some E. Afr. Conif. and Legum. (For. Trees & Timb. Brit. Emp. 1): 26, fig. (1932).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 701 (1930).
    • Welw. in Ann. Conselho Ultram. 1858: 586 (1859).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Trump, E. C. (1969). Common Poisonous Plants of East Africa
    • White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia.
    • Dale, I. R. & Greenway, P. J. (1961). Kenya Trees and Shrubs
    • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1952). Flore du Congo Belge, Vol. 3. Mimosoideae, Caesalpinoideae

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/