According to Kew Species Profiles[KSP]
- General Description
The pink-flowered liane Camoensia brevicalyx is widely distributed in Africa, but is infrequently collected and poorly-known scientifically.
A member of the pea and bean family (Leguminosae), Camoensia brevicalyx is a woody climber from the wet forests of tropical Africa.
- Species Profile
Geography and distribution
Camoensia brevicalyx is native to tropical Africa and has been recorded in Angola, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
A liane (woody climber, supported by other vegetation) growing up to 30 m high, with a stout stem up to 3 cm in diameter and compound leaves. The flowers are pinkish.
Threats and conservation
Camoensia brevicalyx is not considered to be threatened or in decline. It has a fairly widespread distribution and is known to occur within a number of protected areas.
Future fieldwork is needed to collect seeds for storage in a seed bank as a method of ex situ conservation, although collecting a large quantity of seeds from this liane may prove difficult in the field.
Conservation assessments carried out by Kew
Camoensia brevicalyxis being monitored as part of the 'Sampled Red List' Index project, which aims to produce conservation assessments for a representative sample of the world’s plant species. This information will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they are needed most.
No uses are known, although it has been reported that alkaloids are present in abundance (over 1% concentration) in the roots, and in the seeds, along with some saponin and traces of steroids and terpenes.
This species at Kew
Dried and spirit-preserved specimens of Camoensia brevicalyx are held in the Herbarium at Kew, where they are available by appointment to researchers from around the world. The details, including images, of some of these specimens can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.
View details and images of specimens
- Angola, Cameroon, Gabon
- Around lakes and lagoons, by streams and in swampy forest.
- Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria.
Camoensia brevicalyx Benth. appears in other Kew resources:
Herbarium Catalogue (21 records)
|Date Identified||Reference||Herbarium Specimen||Type Status|
|Oct 1, 2008||Mackinder, B. , Cameroon||K000580042|
|Jan 1, 1979||Olorunfeui , Nigeria||K000387432|
|Jan 1, 1974||Letouzey, R. , Cameroon||K000387418|
|McKey, D.B. , Cameroon||K000387419|
|Thomas, D.W. , Cameroon||K000387420|
|Klaine, R.P. , Gabon||K000387421|
|Champluvier, D. , Congo, DRC||K000387422|
|Jans , Congo, DRC||K000387423|
|Eurarti, C. , Congo, DRC||K000387424|
|Leonard, J.J.G. , Congo, DRC||K000387425|
|Lebrun, J.P. , Congo, DRC||K000387426|
|Leonard, J.J.G. , Congo, DRC||K000387427|
|Louis, J. , Congo, DRC||K000387428|
|Thonet, J. , Congo, DRC||K000387429|
|Gossweiler, J. , Angola||K000387430|
|s.coll. [s.n.], Angola||K000387431|
|Keay, R.W.J. [s.n.], Nigeria||K000387433|
|McKey, D. , Cameroon||39100.000|
|Mann, G. [s.n.], Guinea||K000555128||Unknown type material|
|Mann, G., Guinea||K000555129||Unknown type material|
|Keay, R.W.J., Nigeria||13195.000|
First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25: 302 (1866)
-  (2008) Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
-  Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005) Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo , ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
-  Govaerts, R. (1999) World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
-  Lock, J.M. (1989) Legumes of Africa a check-list . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
-  Beentje, H. (2010). The Kew Plant Glossary. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
-  Groom, A. (2010). Camoensia brevicalyx. Assessment using IUCN Categories and Criteria 3.1 (IUCN 2001). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
-  Burkill, H.M. (1995). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 3, Families J – L. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
-  Waterman, P.G., Faulkner, D.F. (1982). Quinolizidine/indolizidine alkaloids from the seed of Camoensia brevicalyx. Phytochemistry 21(1): 215-218.
-  Toussaint in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 34.
-  Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 602
-  —F.T.A. 2: 251
Flora of West Tropical Africa
International Plant Names Index
The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
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Kew Species Profiles
Kew Species Profiles
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families(2016). Published on the Internet http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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[F] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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