1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Cassia L.
      1. Cassia abbreviata Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Tree 5–15 m tall.
    Branches
    Branchlets brown, longitudinally ridged, pubescent to glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules c.3 mm long, narrowly triangular, early caducous; petiole 3–10 cm long, glabrous to pubescent; rachis (7.5)11–23 cm long, glabrous to pubescent; petiolules 3–5 mm long; leaflets opposite to subopposite, in 8–10 pairs, 1.7–8.1 × 1.1–4.4 cm (the lowest usually smaller and proportionately broader), ovate to elliptic, apex acute to rounded or retuse, base cuneate to rounded, glabrous or sparsely pubescent above, pubescent to almost glabrous beneath; venation slightly prominent on both surfaces.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, racemose; axis sparsely to densely pubescent; bracts 6–9 × 2–3 mm, ovate, acuminate, pubescent; bracteoles 3–5 × 2 mm, acuminate, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles present at anthesis.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 5, 11–13 × 4–6 mm, ovate-elliptic, sparsely to densely pubescent outside and inside.
    Corolla
    Petals obovate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; anthers and filaments glabrous; 3 stamens with filaments 35–50 mm long, sigmoidally curved in the basal third, swollen above the middle, anthers 5–6 mm long; 4 with straight filaments 7–10 mm long, anthers 5 mm long; 2 with filaments 9–10 mm long, swollen at the base, recurved above, anthers c.2 mm long; one with straight filament 7–10 mm long, anther 2 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 35–45 × 1–1.5 mm including stipe c.10 mm long, linear, densely pubescent, multiovulate; stigmatic chamber subterminal, fringed with stiff hairs.
    Fruits
    Pod dark brown to black, 20–100 cm long, 1.5–2 cm in diameter, cylindrical, velvety-pubescent to glabrous, many-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed dark brown, 12 × 10 × 3 mm, broadly obovate, flattened, enclosed in pulp.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zambezian woodland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3–10 m. high.
    Bark
    Bark brownish-grey, rough.
    Branches
    Young branchlets glabrous, puberulous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter 5–25 cm. long. Leaflets in 5–12 pairs, petiolulate, ovate-elliptic to oblong-elliptic, sometimes elliptic-lanceolate, (1.5–)3–6(–7.5) cm. long, (0.8–)1.2–3(–4.5) cm. wide, rounded to obtuse or subacute at apex, usually ± pubescent or puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 0.5–9 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts persistent while the flowers are open.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 1.5–3.5 cm. long, 0.7–1.8 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments of 3 lower each with an S-bend near base and a swelling about half-way along their length.
    Fruits
    Pods cylindrical, 30–90 cm. long, 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter, from velvety to glabrous and blackish, transversely but not longitudinally partitioned within.
    Seeds
    Seeds embedded in pulp, brown to blackish, 9–12 × 8–9 × 3 mm., not transversely cracked.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cassia abbreviata Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7654], Tanzania K000232447 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7654], Tanzania K000232448
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7654], Tanzania K000232449

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 271 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 120 (1962).
    • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 13: 231 (1958).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees of Central Africa: 93–6 (1956).
    • Steyaert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 503 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 98 (1949).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 61 (1936).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa 632 (1930).
    • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 271 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Verdcourt, B. & Trump, E. C. (1969). Common Poisonous Plants of East Africa
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0