1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Cassia L.
      1. Cassia burttii Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, 1–6(8) m tall.
    Branches
    Branchlets dark red-brown, longitudinally ridged, sparsely puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules not seen, probably very early caducous; petiole 6–9 cm long, sparsely appressed-puberulous; rachis 13–25 cm long, sparsely appressed-puberulous; petiolules 3–5 mm long, sparsely puberulous; leaflets opposite, in 6–7 pairs, 4.8–9 × 3.2–5.3 cm, broadly ovate to elliptic, apex rounded or retuse, base rounded to broadly cuneate, sometimes slightly asymmetric, sparsely appressed-pubescent beneath, glabrescent; venation slightly prominent particularly beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, racemose, 18–50 cm long, simple or branched, pendulous; axis sparsely appressed-pubescent; bracts and bracteoles not seen, early caducous; pedicels 24–27 mm long at anthesis, sparsely appressed-pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 5, c.8 × 4 mm, elliptic to ovate, minutely puberulous inside and outside.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, white, 15–16 × 8–10 mm, elliptic to obovate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments glabrous, three of them c.17 mm long, sigmoidally curved near the base and abruptly swollen near the middle with anthers 3 mm long, the rest 5–7 mm long, straight, anthers 1–2 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary multiovulate, 15–17 mm long and 1–2 mm in diameter, filiform, densely sericeous-pubescent; stipe short; stigma terminal, recessed.
    Fruits
    Pod blackish, 40–60 × 1–1.5 cm, transversely septate, terete, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed shiny dark brown, c.10 × 8 × 2–3 mm, broadly obovate-elliptic, flattened.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone ; woodland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–6 m. high.
    Branches
    Young branchlets minutely and inconspicuously puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter 15–24 cm. long. Leaflets in 5–8 pairs, petiolulate, elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 3.5–10(–12) cm. long, 1.8–4.6(–7) cm. wide, minutely and inconspicuously appressed-puberulous beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 15–50 cm. long, pendulous, simple or branched, mostly lateral.
    Bracts
    Bracts falling while the buds are young.
    Corolla
    Petals white, 1–2.4 cm. long, 0.6–1.2 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments of 3 lower each with an S-bend near base and an abrupt conspicuous swelling above the bend.
    Fruits
    Pods ± 60 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. in diameter, similar to those of 7, C. afrofistula.
    Seeds
    Seeds embedded in pulp, chestnut-brown, ovate-orbicular or suborbicular, 8–10 × 7–9 × 3–5 mm., with slight reticulate cracking.
    Habitat
    Woodland, wooded grassland, thickets; 15–800 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Cassia burttii Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7650], Tanzania 11446.000
    Burtt, B.D. [5032], Tanzania K000232456 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Bot. 73: 80 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 96 (1949).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of Botany 73: 80 (1935).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0