1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Cassia L.
      1. Cassia sieberiana DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to NW. Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 2–12 m. high (said in F.C.B. to reach 20 m.).
    Bark
    Bark grey to brown or almost black.
    Branches
    Young branchlets rather densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter (10–)13–29 cm. long. Leaflets in usually 4–12 pairs (to 14, fide I.T.U.), petiolulate, elliptic to ovate-elliptic or sometimes obovate-elliptic, (2.5–)3.5–9.5 cm. long, 2–5 cm. wide, densely appressed-puberulous beneath, ± crisped-puberulous above.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 15–42 cm. long, pendulous, mostly simple, single and lateral.
    Bracts
    Bracts persist-ing till the flowers are open.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, (1–)2–3.5 cm. long, (0.7–)1–2.5 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments of 3 lower each with an S-bend near base, without a swelling above.
    Fruits
    Pods cylindrical, 30–90 cm. long, 1–1.7 cm. in diameter, glabrous, blackish-brown, cylindrical, transversely but not longitudinally partitioned within.
    Seeds
    Seeds not embedded in pulp, brown, ellipsoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, 8–9 × 4.5–7 × 2.5–4 mm., with slight reticulate cracking.
    Habitat
    Wooded grasslands; ± 1070 m.
    Distribution
    U1 Senegal and Gambia eastwards to Nigeria, the Congo Republic, Sudan Republic and Uganda
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    African Laburnum
    [FWTA]

    Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, to 50 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Pendulous laburnum-like yellow flower-racemes, and black fruits; flowering in dry season, often when leafless
    Ecology
    Common in savannah.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Cassia sieberiana DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 18, 2002 Sinsin B. et al. [2343], Benin K000117630
    Jan 1, 1986 Mambo, P. [13], Cameroon K000092586
    Jan 1, 1967 Kotschy [406], Ethiopia K000232479
    Jan 1, 1963 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4386], Burkina Faso K000386609
    Jan 1, 1963 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4386], Burkina Faso K000386610
    Vogel, E. [72], Nigeria K000417527
    Kotschy [406], Ethiopia K000232478 Unknown type material
    Sieber [s.n.], Senegal K000417528 Unknown type material
    Roberty, G. [17022], Mali K000386607
    Chevalier, A [24518], Mali K000417529
    Madsen, J.E. [5895], Burkina Faso K000386618
    Laferrere, M. [46], Mali K000386612
    Laferrere, M. [46], Mali K000386613
    Laferrere, M. [46], Mali K000386614
    Waterlot, E.G. [1067], Mali K000386608
    Davey, J.T. [516], Mali K000386606
    Sihvonen, J. [11], Burkina Faso K000386611

    First published in Prodr. 2: 489 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Steyaert in Fl. Congo Belge 3: 500.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 217, t. 45, 1–3
    • Chev. Bot. 224 (incl. var. saheliensis)
    • Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 27: 516
    • —F.T.A. 2: 270
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Steyaert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 500 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 60, fig. 13 (1952).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 632 (1930).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 489 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1952). Flore du Congo Belge, Vol. 3. Mimosoideae, Caesalpinoideae
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0