1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Cassia L.
      1. Cassia thyrsoidea Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Central Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 4.8–18 m. high (or, fide Burtt 4534, a semi-scandent shrub to 4.5 m.).
    Branches
    Young branchlets densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter 14.2–26 cm. long. Leaflets in 6–8 pairs, petiolulate, elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 4.5–11.5 cm. long, 2.1–6 cm. wide, with crisped but not appressed pubescence beneath especially on midrib and nerves, sometimes tomentose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences similar to those of 7, C. afrofistula, with racemes to 15–27 cm. long, but with dense olivaceous pubescence, sometimes with a somewhat silvery sheen on the sepals.
    Bracts
    Bracts persisting till the flowers are open, 8–11 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, ± 1.5–2.6 cm. long and 1–2.2 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments of 3 lower each with an S-bend near base and a slight swelling above the bend.
    Fruits
    Pods subcylindrical, attenuate at apex, somewhat so at base, ± 32–42 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. in diameter, sparsely pubescent to subglabrous, blackish-brown, transversely but not longitudinally partitioned within.
    Seeds
    Seeds embedded in pulp, brown, ± 7 mm. long, 6 mm. wide and 3 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest; 900–1370 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian forest
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 8 m (18 m in East Africa) tall.
    Branches
    Branchlets brown, longitudinally ridged when dry, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules not seen, very early caducous; petiole 4.5–7.2(9) cm long, sparsely to densely pubescent; rachis 16–22.5 cm long,>i> sparsely pubescent;>i> leaflets opposite, in 6–7 pairs,>i> 4.5–11.5 × 2.4–5.2 cm, the distal pair the largest, ovate to ovate-elliptic, slightly asymmetric,>i> apex bluntly acute, base cuneate, sometimes asymmetric, glabrous above, pubescent beneath particularly on the main veins;>i> venation raised on both surfaces>i>.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, paniculate; axis puberulous;>i> bracts c.8 × 1.5 mm, very narrowly triangular, densely puberulous; bracteoles similar, slightly smaller; bracts and bracteoles persisting until anthesis; pedicel (2)3–3.5 cm long at anthesis.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 5, 8–10 × 4–5 mm, broadly elliptic, densely puberulous outside, shortly puberulous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, c.25 mm in diameter, subcircular, claw c.3 mm long.>i> Stamens 10, filaments glabrous, those of 3 stamens c.25 mm long, of 4 stamens 6–8 mm long, of 3 stamensc.4 mm long; anthers of 7 longer stamens 5 mm long, those of the 3 shortest stamens smaller.>i> Ovary c.35 mm long and 1–2 mm in diameter, filiform, densely sericeous-pubescent, multiovulate; stipe c.4 mm long; stigma terminal, recessed>i>.
    Fruits
    Pod (according to Brenan) blackish brown, 32–42 cm long, 1–1.5 cm in diameter, subcylindrical, attenuate at apex, somewhat so at base, sparsely pubescent to subglabrous, transversely but not longitudinally partitioned within.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, c.7 × 6 × 3 mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    India

    Cassia thyrsoidea Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8272], Tanzania 4962.000 isotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8272], Tanzania K000232453 holotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8272], Tanzania K000232454
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8272], Tanzania K000232455

    First published in Kew Bull. 14: 234 (1958)

    Accepted by

    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 13: 234 (1958).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0