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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Clitoria L.
      1. Clitoria ternatea L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or trailing herb or suberect at base, 0·45–3 m. long; rootstock woody.
    Stem
    Stems slender, glabrescent or adpressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 5–7, elliptic, oblong, oblong-lanceolate or almost round, 1–6·7 cm. long, 0·3–4 cm. wide, acute, rounded or emarginate at the apex, acute to rounded at the base, glabrescent above, adpressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm. long; rhachis 1–6 cm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules persistent, lanceolate, 4–10 mm. long, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; peduncle 0·3–1 cm. long; pedicels 6–9 mm. long; bracteoles ovate or round, 0·4–1·7 cm. long, 0·25–1·5 cm. wide, veined.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent, veined; tube 8–12 mm. long; lobes oblong-lanceolate or triangular, 7–10 mm. long, 2·5–3 mm. wide, acute or acuminate, the upper pair joined for under one-third of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard held lowermost, white or greenish-white, often margined with blue or entirely blue, basal central area often yellow or greenish, oblong-obovate, 2·5–5 cm. long, 1·5–3·5 cm. wide, extremely finely puberulous, margins sometimes ciliolate.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, flattened, 6–12·5 cm. long, 0·7–1·2 cm. wide, margined, apiculate, glabrous or sparsely adpressed pubescent and minutely puberulous also.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–10, olive, pale brown or deep reddish-brown with dark mottling, or almost black, ellipsoid, oblong or oblong-reniform, sometimes truncate at one end, longest dimension 4·5–7 mm., shorter dimension 3–4 mm., 2–2·5 mm. thick, minutely punctulate on the faces.
    Figures
    Fig. 75.
    Habitat
    Grassland, grassland with scattered trees, scrub, bush, old cultivations, etc.; 0–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 Cape Verde Is. and Senegal to Somali Republic and south to Angola and South Africa (Transvaal)also Madagascar and Mascarene Is., Arabia through India and SE. Asia to S. China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and many Pacific Is., North and South America and West Indies, the true distribution now obscured by widespread cultivation
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Sudanian grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Ambrevade Marron, Aparajit, Aparajita, Aral, Asian Pigeon Wings, Asphota, Aug Chan, Auk-egelai, Aung-mai-phya, Azulejo, Balog-balog, Bang San Deng, Bang San 'Khao, Bazrul-marariyune-hindi, Bejuco De Conchitas, Bhovera, Bikhe-hayat, Blue Pea, Bluebell, Bok
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial herb, climbing trailing or suberect at the base; rootstock woody.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 2–3(4) pairs, membranous to chartaceous, 0.6–6.5 × 0.6–3.9 cm, ovate, elliptic, oblong or round, glabrescent above, pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers resupinate, 1–2 per axil, on a peduncle 3–10 mm long; pedicels 6–9 mm long; bracteoles 4–17 × 2–17 mm, ovate or round.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–18 mm long, finely pubescent; lobes oblong, lanceolate or triangular.
    Corolla
    Standard white, often margined with blue or completely blue, 2.5–5 × 1.5–3.5(4) cm, shortly clawed, finely pubescent outside.
    Fruits
    Pod 6–12.5 × 0.7–1.2 cm, linear-oblong, mucronate, compressed, glabrous or finely pubescent, 8–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds light to dark brown or black, 5–7 × 3–4 × 2 mm, with a small white rim aril and funicular remnant.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1500 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, arbusto, trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A climber, somewhat shrubby below;
    Flowers
    Flowers deep blue, occasionally pure white
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jamaica, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clitoria ternatea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 1987 Coradin, L. [7858], Brazil K000920459
    Mar 11, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [1103], Brazil K000920456
    Weddell, H.A. [3326], Brazil K000920457
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120625
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120619
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120620
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120621
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120622
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120623
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120624
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120626
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5344] K001120627
    Burchell [9540-2], Brazil K000920458
    Poitou, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000920455

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 753 (1753)

    Accepted by

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    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Singh, A. (2012). Exotic flora of the Chandauli district Uttar Pradesh, India: an overview Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84.
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    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 6: 265, fig. 7.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 428
    • Chev. Bot. 194
    • —F.T.A. 2: 177

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 86 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 560 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 266, fig. 7 (1954).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 199, fig. (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 428 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 177 (1871).
    • L., Sp. PL: 753 (1753).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

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    • Fantz, P. R. (1992). J. Econ. Bot. 45(4) :511-520. Ethnobotany of Clitoria in SE Asia.
    • Fantz, P. R. (1990). Moscosoa 6:152-166. Clitoria Antillarum
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
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    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
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    • Fosberg, F. R. & Renvoize, S. A. (1980). Leguminosae. In: Flora of Aldabra. Kew Bull. Addn. Ser. 7:97-119
    • Sykes, W. (1979). Flora of Niue
    • Thuan, N. (1979). In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam. Vol. 17
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Fantz, P. R. (1978). Dissertation Abstracts Int. 38(11). Monograph of Clitoria
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