1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria abbreviata Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zimbabwe.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, ascending to 3 dm., usually with a short leading shoot and long prostrate lower branches.
    Stem
    Stem pilose or hirsute with rather tawny spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate to obovate-elliptic, up to 12–36(–50) mm. long and 5–11 mm. wide, thinly pilose with mostly appressed hairs on both surfaces; petiole 3–6 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 2–4·5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, ± 2–3(–7) cm. long, with ± 5–15(–28) crowded flowers; bracts subulate or filiform, 2–4 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar to the bract, 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 2·5–4 mm. long, pilose; lobes triangular, slightly acuminate, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, veined purplish-brown and glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a short straight untwisted beak, 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose, slightly compressed laterally, 6–8 mm. long, densely covered with rather long soft or bristly hairs over a felty tomentum, rather thick-walled, (1–)2–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, 3–3·8 mm. long, smooth, pale ochre-brown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, thicket and grassland, on sandy soils, sometimes in damp places and around lake shores, also persisting on roadsides and waste places; 750–1650 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shortly erect annual with long prostrate lower branches, pilose or hirsute with rather tawny spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets 10–50 × 4–12 mm, oblanceolate to obovate-elliptic, subappressed pilose on both surfaces; stipules 2–4.5 mm long, filiform to linear-caudate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, 2–3(7) cm long, with 5–16(28) crowded flowers; bracts 2–4 mm long, subulate-caudate or filiform; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, 1.5–2 mm long, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–4 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, pilose; lobes triangular, slightly acuminate, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, pale yellow, veined purplish-brown; wings exceeding the keel; keel 4–5 mm long, rounded about the middle, with a short straight beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 6–8 mm long, subglobose, slightly compressed laterally, densely covered with long brown spreading hairs over a felty tomentum, rather thick-walled, (1)2–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–3.8 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, pale ochre-brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria abbreviata Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5722], Tanzania K000468702
    Bidgood, S. [5658], Tanzania K000468766
    Kassner, J. [3033] K000412796 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 278 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4:131 (1953).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 278 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0