1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria aculeata De Wild.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Angola, Central Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect shrubby short-lived perennial, up to 1–5 m. tall.
    Branches
    Branches sub-appressed pubescent, sometimes rather densely so.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly crowded on very reduced axillary shoots, appearing fasciculate, 3-foliolate; leaflets obtriangular or less commonly linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 6–17(–24) mm. long, 2–6(–12) mm. wide, truncate or emarginate at the apex, long-cuneate, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 3–12(–24) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear, up to 2 mm. long, recurved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed or apparently axillary from the leaf clusters, ± 1–3·5 cm. long, with 1(–3) flowers on the spine-tipped rhachis; bracts linear, up to 1(–2) mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, appressed puberulous; upper lobes acuminately triangular, it as long as the tube or longer.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, veined and diffused with red, densely pubescent outside; wings ± as long as the keel or shorter; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a narrow twisted beak, 9–13 mm. long, lanate-puberulous along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, oblong-clavate, 12–23 mm. long, 6–9 mm. across, appressed puberulous, it 10–28-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2·5 mm. long, smooth, ochre or brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Sudanian grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes.
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Tsilon'boasary, Voasarimadibo, Voasarimbiby, Voasarinalika, Voasarinikalavola
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect spiny short-lived perennial, wiry to bushy, 0.3–1.5 m tall; branches subappressed to crisped pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly clustered on short shoots, 3-foliolate; leaflets 0.5–1.5(2.5) × 0.2–0.6(1.2) cm, oblanceolate, truncate or emarginate, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole of main leaves 0.3–1.2(2.5) cm long; stipules 1–2 mm long, linear-subulate, recurved.
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly solitary on 0.7–2.5(3.5) cm long spine-tipped axes from short shoots all along the branches, very rarely with occasional short racemes on long shoots; bracts 0.7–1(2) mm long, linear; bracteoles on the pedicel, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx (3)4–5 mm long, appressed pubescent; lobes triangular, acuminate to attenuate, 1–2 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow lined and later flushed reddish, densely pubescent outside; wings as long as the keel; keel 0.8–1.2 cm long, angular, with a long narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, 1–2.3 × 0.5–0.9 cm, oblong-obovoid to cylindrical, puberulous, c. 10–28-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria aculeata De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1993 Bouton [s.n.], Madagascar K000227299 holotype
    Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [1343], Angola K001294192
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9723], Tanzania 740.000

    First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 4, 1: 185 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 107.
    • in Ann. Mus. Congo Beige, sér. 4, 1: 185, t. 46 (1908)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 4: 107 (1953)
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 413 (1928).
    • De Wild. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 4, 1: 185, t. 46 (1903).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar Balkema, Rotterdam

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0