1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria anthyllopsis Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A branched herb, ascending to 1 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Brown-pilose
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow or purplish with darker veining
    Ecology
    In savannah.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shortly erect annual with long decumbent lower branches, thinly covered with long bristly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly 3–10 × 0.8–3 cm, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, the upper ones longer and narrower, pilose, usually thinly so, on both surfaces; stipules 6–10(12) mm long, linear or filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 2–5 cm long, subsessile, dense, many-flowered; bracts up to 7–14(17) mm long, linear or filiform; bracteoles inserted at base of the calyx, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–6 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, sparsely hirsute; lobes attenuate-triangular, much longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, pale yellow, purplish veined; wings exceeding the keel; keel 5–6(8) mm long, strongly rounded about the middle, with a straight or slightly incurved beak.
    Fruits
    Pod 6–7 mm long, sessile, subglobose, slightly compressed laterally, densely hirsute, (1)3–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, wrinkled, reddish-brown.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, with a short erect stem, up to 6 dm. tall, but usually much less, and long decumbent lower branches.
    Branches
    Branches sparsely covered with long bristly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets ovate to oblong-lanceolate, with the upper ones longer and proportionally narrower, up to 30–65(–95) mm. long, 12–20(–25) mm. wide, sparsely pilose on both surfaces; petiole 4–10(–15) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear or filiform, ± 6–10(–12) mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes subsessile, dense, up to 4·5 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts linear or filiform, up to 7–14(–17) mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 5–6 mm. long, sparsely hirsute; lobes attenuate triangular, much longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, with purplish veins and glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel strongly rounded about the middle, with a short straight or slightly incurved untwisted beak, 5–6(–8) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose, slightly compressed laterally, 6–7 mm. long, densely hirsute, (1–)3–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, 2–3 mm. long, wrinkled, reddish-brown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and Brachystegia woodland, grassland and river banks, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 900–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K5 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 N. Nigeria, Ethiopia south to Rhodesia and through Rwanda, eastern and southern Congo to Angola
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria anthyllopsis Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [1943], Angola K000412602

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 15 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 81.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 263
    • in F.T.A. 2: 15 (1871)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 29 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 245 (1953).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 81 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 414 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 263 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 204 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 15 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0