1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria argyrolobioides Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect well-branched annual or short-lived perennial, 0.3–2 m tall; branches generally with short appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 8–20(30) × 2–9(13) mm, oblanceolate to oblong-elliptic, ± shortly appressed hairy beneath, almost always glabrous above; petiole 3–15(25) mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sometimes dense at first, usually elongating, (1)3–15 cm long, 8–40-flowered, later developed on numerous fairly short flowering branches, sometimes a few flowers also in the axils; bracts 1–2 mm long, generally subulate; bracteoles on the pedicel, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 mm long, appressed pubescent; upper lobes attenuately or acuminately triangular, (1)1.5–2.5 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, lined or flushed reddish, apically pubescent outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel 9–12 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pods sessile, obliquely inserted, 7–8 × 5–5.5 mm, shortly cylindrical when ripe, appressed pubescent, 6–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, rounded-cordiform, smooth.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Zambezian woodland, Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect well-branched annual or short-lived perennial, up to 1·6 m. tall.
    Branches
    Branches covered with generally short fine appressed or slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate to elliptic-oblong, up to 13–32 mm. long and 6–14 mm. wide, obtuse or rounded at the apex, glabrous above at least when mature, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole up to 8–25 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes subsessile or pedunculate, lax or with the flowers rather crowded towards the top, up to 15 cm. long, but often much less, many-flowered; bracts subulate, up to 2 mm. long, shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 mm. long, with the tube shortly protracted on the lower side, shortly appressed hairy; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate to suborbicular, shorter than the mature keel, yellow, marked orange-red outside, pubescent medially and apically outside; wings much shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long narrow twisted beak, slightly incurved at the tip, 9–12 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, shortly cylindrical, 7–9 mm. long, 5 mm. across, pubescent, ± 5–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Upland secondary bushland and grassland, probably also in Brachystegia woodland; 1570–2100 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria argyrolobioides Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whyte, A. [117], Malawi K000227397 Unknown type material
    Whyte, A. [109], Malawi K000227398 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [490], Malawi K000614567

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 249 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 248 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 401 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 384 (1914).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 249 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0