1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria barkae Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial with erect leading shoot to 0.5(1) m tall and long decumbent lower branches, hirsute with mostly spreading hairs in the Flora Zambesiaca area.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.5–7 × 0.5–2 cm, lanceolate to elliptic, sparsely pilose at least beneath; petioles shorter to longer than leaflets; stipules 2–11 mm long, filiform to linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long-pedunculate, laxly 2–6-flowered; bracts 2–10 mm long, subulate to lanceolate; bracteoles curved-ascending from upper part of the pedicel, 2.5–9 mm long, obliquely lanceolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx accrescent, (9)10–20 mm long; upper lobes attenuately triangular-lanceolate to oblong-cordate, mostly 3–4 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate to subcircular, medially and apically pubescent outside; wings a little shorter than keel; keel (9)10–17 mm long, angled in lower half, with a long slightly incurved beak, lanate on upper margin proximal to the beak.
    Fruits
    Pod (1.5)1.8–3.5 cm long, clavate-ellipsoid, shortly stipitate, glabrous to thinly pilose (often only on upper side).
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, usually obscurely rugulose, brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; grassland., Sahel regional transition zone; grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, with a leading shoot up to 5(–10) dm. tall, much branched, with the lower branches long and prostrate or decumbent.
    Stem
    Stem pilose with subappressed or spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic, up to 15–70 mm. long, 5–20 mm. wide, with those of the leading shoot usually narrower, glabrous to sparsely pilose above, sparsely pilose beneath; petiole up to 15–55 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform to linear-lanceolate, 2–11 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 2·5–14 cm. long, 2–6-flowered; bracts subulate to lanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate, 2–10 mm. long; bracteoles curved-ascending from the upper part of the pedicel, obliquely lanceolate, 2·5–9 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx accrescent, (9–)10–20 mm. long; upper lobes attenuately triangular-lanceolate to oblong-cordate, ± 3–4 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate or suborbicular, longer than the calyx, white to greenish-white or bright yellow, sometimes marked reddish-purple, pubescent medially and apically outside; wings shorter to nearly as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a long slightly incurved untwisted beak, (9–) 10–17 mm. long, conspicuously lanate along the upper margin proximal to the beak.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, clavate-ellipsoid, (15–) 18–35 mm. long, 8–16 mm. across, glabrous to thinly pilose (sometimes only on the upper side), up to 30–80-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, 2–2·5 mm. long, usually obscurely rugulose, with the raised areas concentric towards the margin, brown.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A herb with prostrate branches, 1–2 ft. long
    Indumentum
    Thinly hairy
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow
    Ecology
    In dry rocky places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria barkae Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1971 Gilbert, V.C. [16], Kenya K000058307
    Nov 1, 1964 Dinter [473], Namibia K000227312
    Nov 1, 1964 Rogers, F.A. [13302], Zimbabwe K000227446
    Jun 1, 1962 Bogdan, A. [5326], Kenya K000058326
    Jun 1, 1962 Bogdan, A. [5426], Kenya K000058327
    Gillett, J.B. [19674], Kenya K000058311
    Gillett, J.B. [19548], Kenya K000058317
    Gilbert, M.G. [5725], Kenya K000058321
    Gilbert, M.G. [5007], Kenya K000058322
    Robertson, S.A. [1903], Kenya K000058323
    Rawlins, S.P. [11206], Kenya K000058335
    Faden, R.B. [257], Kenya K000058306
    Faden, R.B. [1205], Kenya K000058336
    Napper, D. [1724], Kenya K000058314
    Carter, S. [601], Kenya K000058320
    Kuchar, P. [5915], Kenya K000058328
    Soest, L.U. [16062], Kenya K000058318

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 226 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 390.
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, app. 2: 228 (1896)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 25: 276 (1971).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 550 (1958).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 390 (1914).
    • Schweinf. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, App. 2: 226 (1896).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0