1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria bernieri Baill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique, Comoros, N. Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect laxly branched annual, up to 3–7 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem thinly appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, up to 40–65 mm. long, 4–7 mm. wide, bluntly pointed or rounded and apiculate, cuneate, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole 15–30 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long-pedunculate, up to 8–15 cm. long, with generally numerous flowers towards the top; bracts subulate, triangular-caudate or filiform, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, minute.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 1·5–2·5 mm. long, appressed puberulous; lobes triangular-acuminate, much shorter than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, veined reddish-brown or purple, glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a very short slightly incurved blunt untwisted beak, 4–4·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ellipsoid-cylindrical, 20–23 mm. long, 6–8 mm. across, puberulous, ± 30–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 2–2·5 mm. long, smooth, mauve, pale brown or orange-red.
    Habitat
    Grassland, sometimes of seasonally inundated flood-plains, swamp margins, coral crags and foreshore; 0–960 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T3 T6 U2 Z
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect laxly branched annual 20–70(100) cm tall; branches thinly appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, estipulate; leaflets mostly 3–6.5 × 0.4–1.2 cm, linear-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, thinly appressed puberulous beneath; petiole much shorter than the leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 5–15 cm long, often long-pedunculate, with numerous flowers crowded above; bracts 0.5–2 mm long, subulate or triangular-caudate; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, smaller.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2.5 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, appressed puberulous; lobes triangular, slightly acuminate, shorter than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard oblate, pale yellow, veined reddish-brown or purple; wings longer than the keel; keel 4–5 mm long, rounded about the middle, with a very short blunt slightly incurved beak.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, 2–2.5 × 0.6–0.8 cm, ellipsoid-cylindrical, puberulous, 20–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblong-reniform, smooth, mauve, pale brown or orange-red.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone - grassland., Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria bernieri Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bernier [189], Madagascar K000227293 isosyntype

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 444 (1885)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Peltier in Journ. Agric. Trop. Bot. Appl. 6: 284 (1959).
    • Baill. in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 444 (1885).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0