1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria bongensis Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 4–5 dm. tall, with usually many spreading branches, particularly from the base.
    Stem
    Stem pubescent or hirsute with mostly rather spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblong to oblong-lanceolate or elliptic, up to 25–82 mm. long, 2–8 mm. wide, glabrous or with a few hairs above, thinly pilose beneath; petiole up to 3–4 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 8 cm. long, ± 3–13-flowered; bracts filiform, up to 1 mm. long; bracteoles inserted near the top of the pedicel, inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2·5 mm. long, thinly pubescent; lobes triangular, slightly acuminate, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-elliptic, yellow veined purplish-red, glabrous outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long narrow untwisted beak, 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, oblong-ellipsoid to shortly cylindrical, 7–10 mm. long, 2–3 mm. across, pubescent, ± 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds cordi-form, ± 1·5–1·8 mm. long, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and sandy lake shores, also persisting on cultivated ground; 750–1200 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T4 U2 U3 Sudan west to Nigeria and Portuguese Guinea
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shortly erect annual, 10–45 cm tall, generally with many spreading branches, particularly from the base, hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves estipulate, 1-foliolate; leaflets 20–80 × 2–6(8) mm, linear to oblong-lanceolate, pilose, at least beneath; petiole 2–4 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes laxly 3–12-flowered; bracts up to 1.5 mm long, setaceous; bracteoles near the top of the pedicel, inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2.5 mm long, pilose, often with purplish nerves; lobes triangular, slightly acuminate, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, yellow, veined reddish-purple, glabrous outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel 4–5 mm long, angled in the lower part, with a long narrow beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 7–10 × 2–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid to shortly cylindrical, pubescent, c. 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1.5–1.8 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, brown.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect branched pilose annual, slightly woody below, a few inches to 2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, strongly purple-veined
    Ecology
    In savannah.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria bongensis Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schweinfurth, G. [2135], Sudan K000412712
    Schweinfurth, G. [2300], Sudan K000412713
    Bidgood, S. [5830], Tanzania K000468595

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 256 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 96.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 256 (1914)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 26 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 96 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 182 (1952).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 256 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0