1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria brevicornuta Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, with a suberect stem up to 3·5 dm. tall, developing rather numerous weakly ascending or spreading branches, particularly from near the base.
    Stem
    Stem slender, sparsely appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 1-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, up to 35–95 mm. long and 3–16 mm. wide, glabrous above, sparsely appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 4–7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform or subulate, ± 0·5–1·5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long and slenderly pedunculate, up to 9–23 cm. long, with ± 4–8 very laxly arranged flowers; bracts linear-subulate, ± 1–1·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, small, inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–3·5 mm. long, appressed puberulous; lobes attenuate-triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, veined reddish-brown and glabrous outside; wings elliptic-oblong, slightly falcate, a little longer than the keel; keel rounded below the middle, with a very short blunt slightly incurved untwisted beak and a small horn-like protuberance projecting from the leading edge, 6–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, oblong-ellipsoid, ± 17–18 mm. long and 8–9 mm. across, not thick-walled, dehiscent, soon glabrescent except for small hairs along the upper suture, ± 18–24-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Open sandy and often damp places in deciduous woodland and bushland, persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 800–1260 m.
    Distribution
    T7 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria brevicornuta Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1965 Polhill, R. [1999], Tanzania K000412646 holotype
    Feb 1, 1965 Polhill, R. [1999], Tanzania K000412647 paratype

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 291 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 291, fig. 27/12–18 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0