1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria brevidens Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to NE. & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or rarely decumbent annual or short-lived perennial, 5–20 dm. tall, with generally numerous ascending branches from the base upwards.
    Stem
    Stem covered with short appressed or somewhat spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear or lanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblong or elliptic, up to 40–100(–140) mm. long, 3–20(–33) mm. wide, with the upper ones proportionally longer and narrower, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 20–60 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal and leaf-opposed, pedunculate, up to 10–48 cm. long, with rather numerousfairly closely arranged flowers; bracts linear-caudate or subulate, expanded at the base, ± 1–3·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx or rarely (and not in East Africa) near the middle of the pedicel, subulate or filiform, 0·5–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3–8 mm. long, appressed puberulous or (outside East Africa) glabrous; lobes subulate or acuminate, much shorter to longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate or elliptic, cream or more generally clear yellow, veined reddish-brown, glabrous outside; wings a little shorter to a little longer than the keel, often with a dark mark at the base; keel shortly rounded, with a long projecting straight (or sometimes slightly recurved) untwisted beak, 12–24 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, narrowly cylindrical, often a little curved at the ends, (35–)40–50 mm. long, 5–7 mm. across, puberulous or pubescent, with up to 80 or more seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, variable in size, up to 2·5–3 mm. long, smooth, pale yellow to orange.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transitional zone; wooded grassland., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassl
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1240 - 1560 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Subarbusto
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Diagnostic
    Similar to the last (Crotalaria ochroleuca) but with narrower fruits and slightly larger flowers.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Northern Provinces, Puerto Rico, Swaziland, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria brevidens Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chancellor, R.J. [154], Uganda Crotalaria intermedia 9246.000

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 585 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 265 (1968).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 186 (1952).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 329 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 37 (1871).
    • Benth. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 585 (1843).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0