1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria calycina Schrank

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia, N. Australia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Sudanian grasslands, Guineo-Congolian grasslands, Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone; grass
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Gorandiya
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect little-branched annual, 1·5–10 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem densely hirsute with long bristly appressed or slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade linear to oblong-lanceolate, up to 65–145 mm. long, 6–10 mm. wide, acute, glabrous above, appressed pilose beneath; petiole 2–4 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules very small, obscured by the stem indumentum.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the upper axils, often a few aggregated terminally, or up to 6 in terminal racemes up to 22 cm. long; bracts lanceolate-caudate, 6–18 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the upper part of the pedicel, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx (3–)5-lobed, 2-lipped, longer than the corolla, accrescent in fruit, ± 22–30 mm. long; upper lobes oblong-lanceolate, 2–3 times as long as the tube, pilose with long spreading tawny hairs.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-oblong, pale yellow, glabrous outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel shortly rounded below the middle, with a straight twisted beak, 15–17 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subcylindrical, up to 20–25 mm. long, 8 mm. across, glabrous, ± 20–35-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds bluntly subtriangular, ± 3 mm. long, smooth, light brown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, grassland and persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 50–1400 m.
    Distribution
    Sudan and Congo west to Senegal, Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia to Angola, also tropical Asia to north Australia P T1 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 Z
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect annual herb, up to 2 ft. high, simple or with few branches
    Indumentum
    Densely brown-silky
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, few, about 1 in. long, enclosed by the conspicuously villous calyx
    Ecology
    In savannah.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual, 0.15–1 m tall, usually little branched; stem densely covered with long coarse mostly appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade 4–15 × 0.4–1.5 cm, linear to oblong-lanceolate, acute, glabrous except along midvein above, appressed pilose beneath; petiole 1–4 mm long; stipules very small, obscured by indumentum.
    Flowers
    Flowers few in terminal racemes and in the upper axils; bracts 6–18 mm long, lanceolate, caudate; bracteoles near the top of the pedicel, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2.3 cm long, accrescent, longer than the corolla, deeply divided into 2 lips, densely covered with long tawny spreading hairs; upper lobes oblong-lanceolate, 3–4 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-oblong, pale yellow, with a few hairs apically outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel 1.5–1.7 cm long, subangular, with a straight twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 2–2.5 cm long, subcylindrical, glabrous, 16–36-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5–3 mm long, subtriangular, shiny, smooth, pale yellow to light brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria calycina Schrank appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1919 Wight [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000591074
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5132], Ghana 11452.000
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000217195
    Wallich [s.n.], India K000591075
    Wallich [s.n.], India K000591076
    Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000217193
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5408] Crotalaria crinita K001120813
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5364], Nepal Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120685
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5364], Myanmar Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120688
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5364], Myanmar Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120689
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364], India Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120681
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364] Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120682
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364] Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120683
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364], India Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120684
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364] Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120686
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364] Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120687
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5364] Crotalaria roxburghiana K001120701

    First published in Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac.: t. 12 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 84, t. 4.
    • Chev. Bot. 168
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 271 (1914)
    • —F.T.A. 2: 15
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 32 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 547 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 84, t. 4 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 182 (1952).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 271 (1948).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 415 (1928).
    • Harms in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 549 (1915).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 271 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 204 (1895).
    • Oliv. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 51 (1872).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 15 (1871).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 129 (1825).
    • Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac., t. 12 (1817).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Niyomdham, C. (1978). Thai Forest Bulletin (Bot.) 11:105-181 Crotalaria in Thailand

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0