1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria capensis Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Malawi to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Bushy shrub, 1–3 m tall, usually with rather persistently tomentose branches, but sometimes glabrescent or even glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets (1.5)3–7 × (1)1.5–3 cm, elliptic to obovate, pointed to rounded at the apex, glabrous to densely pubescent (particularly beneath); petioles mostly shorter than leaflets; stipules usually leaf-like, 0.8–2(3) cm long, with 1–4 mm long stalk and obovate blade, sometimes caducous or lacking.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with few to many fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts (1.5)3.5–7.5(10) mm long, linear-lanceolate; bracteoles filiform, smaller.
    Calyx
    Calyx with funnel-shaped hypanthium (8)10–16(18) mm long, glabrous to thinly pubescent; lobes attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate or elliptic, yellow, marked and later flushed with red, glabrous or medially pubescent outside; wings three quarters to nearly as long as the keel; keel (1.5)2–2.4 cm long, rounded about the middle, with a rather short blunt beak.
    Fruits
    Pod including (5)12–16 mm long stipe c. 4.5–6.8 cm long, oblong-clavate, shortly appressed-pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–4.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, practically smooth, brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, To
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Kenya, Nepal, St.Helena

    Crotalaria capensis Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1972 Cecil, E. [16], Mozambique K000412682 holotype
    35460.000
    Drege [s.n.], Eastern Cape Province K000227301 Unknown type material
    Krauss [122], KwaZulu-Natal K000227302
    Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614348

    First published in Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 36 (1777)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Horn, P. E. (1988). Herbarium References
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar Balkema, Rotterdam

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0