1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria caudata Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or decumbent slightly woody short-lived perennial, with a shrubby habit, up to 7–17 dm. tall.
    Branches
    Branches densely leafy, pubescent with short appressed or rather long spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, 3-foliolate; leaflets held erect, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 10–17(–30) mm. long, 3–7(–11) mm. wide, with the margins slightly inrolled, thinly hairy on both surfaces.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes short, subsessile, 2–3-flowered or the flowers solitary at the ends of the branches; bracts filiform to linear-lanceolate, 1·5–5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the top of the pedicel, filiform, 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± as long as the keel, 5–8 mm. long, densely silky pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-elliptic to suborbicular, bright yellow, often marked or tinged reddish, pubescent outside; wings shorter than to as long as the keel; keel rather narrow, shortly rounded with a rather projecting sharp untwisted beak, 7–9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, cylindrical, 16–23 mm. long, 4·5–6 mm. across, densely spreading hairy outside, pubescent inside at least along the lower suture, ± 14–20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, smooth, straw-coloured.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland and forest margins, descending into Brachystegia woodland generally in riverside grassland or marshy places; 1050–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 T8 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Sudanian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect or decumbent slightly woody short-lived perennial, sometimes shrubby, up to 0.7–1.7 m tall, much branched, variously hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves rather closely arranged, estipulate, sessile, 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly held erect, 0.7–1.7(3) × 0.2–0.7(1.1) cm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, rounded and apiculate, with slightly inrolled margins, thinly hairy on both surfaces.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes numerous on main branches and reduced lateral branches, sometimes axillary, short, subsessile, 2–3-flowered or the flowers solitary; bracts 1.5–5 mm long, filiform to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles at top of the pedicel, 2–3 mm long, filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–8 mm long, densely silky-pubescent; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-elliptic to subcircular, bright yellow, often marked or tinged reddish, pubescent outside at least towards the apex; wings shorter than to as long as the keel; keel 7–9 mm long, rather narrow, shortly rounded, with a rather projecting sharp beak.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, 1.6–2.5 cm long, cylindrical, densely spreading hairy outside, pubescent inside at least along the lower suture, 14–20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, straw-coloured.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An undershrub 1–3 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria caudata Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5601], Tanzania K000468823
    Rogers, F.A. [10961], Congo, DRC K000412787
    Rogers, F.A. [10961], Congo, DRC K000412788 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [307], Mozambique K000613743
    Patel, H. [7323], Mozambique K000613585

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 18 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 60 (1962).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 119, fig. 9 (1953).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 370 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 18 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0