1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual 10–70(100) cm tall, developing numerous curved-ascending branches, particularly from near the base, densely covered with long mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves almost all 3-foliolate, uppermost sometimes 1-foliolate, crowded and larger just below the inflorescences; leaflets mostly 15–30 × 4–6 mm, upper ones up to 50 × 8 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, rounded at the apex, long-cuneate to the base, pilose on both surfaces; petioles mostly 5–15 mm long, uppermost up to 2.5 cm, narrowly winged; stipules 0.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense subsessile heads or racemes; bracts 1–2 mm long, setaceous; pedicel recurved near apex, without bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, densely hairy; lobes narrowly triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, pale yellow, marked red at the base inside, veined reddish and medially pubescent outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel 4–5.5 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, (4)5–6 × 3–5 mm, ovoid-globose to bluntly ellipsoid, densely pilose outside, hairy inside along upper suture behind the placenta, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A slightly woody herb, 6–18 in. high, often unbranched
    Leaves
    A tuft of leaves around the raceme
    Indumentum
    Densely silky
    Flowers
    Flowers small, yellow
    Ecology
    In rocky places.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 3–7(–10) dm. tall, developing numerous curved-ascending branches particularly from near the base.
    Stem
    Stem densely hirsute with mostly spreading tawny hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate-oblong, mostly up to 15–30 mm. long and 4–6 mm. wide, but the upper ones opposing and just below the inflorescences often larger, up to 50 mm. long and 8 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, long-cuneate, pilose on both surfaces with generally appressed hairs; petiole ± 6–15 mm. long, the uppermost up to 25 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile dense racemes or heads, crowded at the top of the shoots surrounded by the larger spreading leaves, many-flowered; bracts filiform, 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles obscure.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, densely hairy; upper lobes subulate-triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-orbicular, pale yellow, marked red at the base inside, veined reddish and pubescent outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow twisted beak, 4–5·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose to ellipsoid, 5–6 mm. long, densely pilose, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2–2·5 mm. long, without a prominent aril, smooth, brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 135, p. 984.
    Habitat
    Short open grassland and Brachystegia woodland, rarely extending into deciduous bushland, also a frequent weed of cultivated ground; 400–2000 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in tropical Africa from Ghana to Ethiopia and south to Angola and the Transvaal K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ethiopia K000412735
    Gossweiler, J. [3379], Angola K001294186
    Gossweiler, J. [1338], Angola K001294187
    Schimper [695], Ethiopia K000412733
    Schimper [695], Ethiopia K000412734
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5373] K001120710

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 156 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 200.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 276
    • —F.T.A. 2: 23
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 34 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 549 (1958).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 245 (1953).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 200 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 184 (1952).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 384 (1928).
    • Harms in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 550 (1915).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 276 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 205 (1895).
    • Oliv. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 51 (1872).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 23 (1871).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 156 (1847).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0