1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria chirindae Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect, straggling-ascending or decumbent well-branched herb, up to 1–1.5 m tall; branches appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves all 3-foliolate or sometimes uppermost 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly 5–15 × 0.8–4 cm, usually narrowly oblong-lanceolate above to elliptic lower down, sometimes all elliptic, often acuminate, puberulous beneath; petiole shorter than the leaflets; stipules mostly 2–4 mm long, subulate or filiform, sometimes caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 10–23(40) cm long, rather densely many-flowered; bracts mostly 4–8 mm long, subulate-caudate; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, 4–9 mm long, linear-caudate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4.5 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, appressed pubescent; lobes narrowly acuminate-triangular, at least as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic, yellow, veined purple or reddish-brown; wings markedly shorter than the keel; keel 8–10 mm long, rounded about the middle, with a narrow incurved sharp beak.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, 2.4–3 × 0.6–0.7 cm, narrowly cylindrical, densely pubescent, 20–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5–3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, yellow to orange.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial, erect or ascending in other vegetation and up to 1·5 m. tall, or low and decumbent, much branched.
    Stem
    Stem with short appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets narrowly oblong-lanceolate to elliptic lower down, often acuminate, up to 80–150 mm. long, 9–38 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 18–40 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate or filiform, up to 2–4 mm. long, caducous or rather persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal and leaf-opposed, long-pedunculate, up to 14–23(–40) cm. long, with many flowers crowded at least towards the top; bracts subulate-caudate, expanded at the base, 3–8 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, linear-caudate, 3–9 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3·5–4 mm. long, appressed pubescent; lobes narrowly acuminate-triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic, yellow, veined purple or reddish-brown and glabrous outside; wings markedly shorter than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a narrow incurved untwisted beak, 8–10 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, cylindrical, ± 24–30 mm. long, 6–7 mm. across, densely pubescent, ± 20–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Margins of upland rain-forest, upland grassland; 1230–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket., Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria chirindae Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [397], Zimbabwe K000412600 Unknown type material
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1498], Mozambique K000412601 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 377 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 248 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 399 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 377 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0