1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria chrysotricha Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect bushy perennial with spreading branches, up to 7 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem terete, densely and slightly spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, mostly 3-foliolate, with the uppermost often 1-foliolate; leaflets narrowly to broadly elliptic, rarely elliptic-obovate, up to 45–76 mm. long, 21–36 mm. wide, glabrous except along the midvein and glossy above, densely appressed pubescent with short golden-yellow hairs beneath; petiole up to 5–8 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate to linear-oblanceolate, 3–11 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, leaf-opposed or rarely axillary, pedunculate, up to 6–9 cm. long, with 4–16 fairly closely arranged flowers towards the top; bracts filiform, 3·5–6 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the upper part of the apically recurved pedicels, filiform, 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than the keel, ± 7 mm. long, appressed pubescent; lobes narrowly triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, dull yellow, sometimes tinged brown, glabrous outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel semiorbicular, with a distinct crest on the upper margin preceding the short slightly incurved and circumflexed beak, 9–11 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong-obovoid, with the 4–5 mm. long stipe up to 18–22 mm. long, 8–10 mm. across, densely subappressed pubescent, (4–)6–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 3·5–4 mm. long, minutely granulate, pale yellow.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; 1800 m.
    Distribution
    T4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Low bushy slightly woody herb, up to 70 cm tall, densely usually rather spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, mostly 3-foliolate with the uppermost often 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly 4–7.5 × 2–3.6 cm, elliptic or rarely obovate-elliptic, glossy and glabrous above apart from midrib, closely golden appressed pubescent beneath; stipules 3–11 mm long, subulate to linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with 4–16 flowers fairly closely arranged above; bracts 3.5–6 mm long, subulate to filiform; pedicels 4–10 mm long, apically recurved, with filiform bracteoles on the upper part.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 7 mm long, appressed pubescent; lobes attenuate, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, dull yellow, glabrous outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel 9–11 mm long, semicircular, crested behind the short beak.
    Fruits
    Pod including the 4–5 mm long stipe up to 1.8–2.2 cm long, oblong-obovoid, densely subappressed pubescent outside, glabrous to sparsely pilose inside, (4)6–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 mm long, obliquely oblong-cordiform, minutely granulate, pale yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria chrysotricha Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1964 Richards, H.M. [8608], Tanzania K000412774 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 233 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22:233, fig. 9 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0