1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cistoides Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Angola to W. Zambia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Low bushy herb or small shrub, up to 2–8 dm. tall, with a well-developed system of branches covered in a tomentum of short ± appressed to long fine mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves rather closely arranged, sessile, 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblong, with the apiculum slightly recurved and the margins slightly inrolled, up to 8–15(–18) mm. long, 1·5–4 mm. wide, appressed to spreading pilose on both surfaces, sometimes sericeous.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Flowers
    Flowers numerous, solitary or in small very shortly stalked clusters terminal on main and very reduced lateral branches or axillary; bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 2–4 mm. long; bracteoles at top of short pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4·5–6 mm. long, densely hairy; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular to oblong-triangular, ± 3 times as long as tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, yellow, often tinged reddish or purplish veined, sericeous at least towards apex outside; wings exceeding keel; keel abruptly rounded with a short straight or slightly incurved pointed beak, 3·5–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, shortly ovoid-ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, 5–7 mm. long, pilose outside and also inside at least along lower suture, 2–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds obliquely oblong-cordiform, ± 3 mm. long, smooth.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Low bushy herb or small shrub, up to 20–80 cm tall, with a well developed system of branches covered in a tomentum of short ± appressed to long fine mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves rather closely arranged, estipulate, sessile, 3-foliolate; leaflets 6–20 × 1.5–6(8) mm, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblong, with the apiculum slightly recurved and the margins flat to slightly inrolled, appressed to spreading pilose on both surfaces, sometimes sericeous.
    Flowers
    Flowers numerous, solitary or in small very shortly stalked clusters terminal on main and very reduced lateral branches or axillary; bracts 2–4 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles at the top of the short pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4.5–6 mm long, densely hairy; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular to oblong-triangular, c. 3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, yellow, often tinged reddish or purplish veined, sericeous at least towards the apex outside; wings exceeding the keel; keel 3.5–5 mm long, abruptly rounded, with a short straight or slightly incurved pointed beak.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, 5–7 mm long, shortly ovoid-ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, pilose outside and also inside at least along the lower suture, 2–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 mm long, obliquely oblong-cordiform, smooth.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia

    Crotalaria cistoides Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 18 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 37 (1962).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 282 (1914), excl. specim. Welwitsch 1928.
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 18 (1871), pro parte, excl. specim. Welwitsch 1928.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0