1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cleomifolia Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrubby plant, 3–6 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow
    Ecology
    Beside streams.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shrubby much branched perennial 1–4.5 m tall; branches variously appressed puberulous to spreading yellowish tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate; leaflets 4–12 × 1.5–5.5 cm, elliptic, sometimes narrowly so, often acuminate, hairy at least beneath, discolorous, dark green above; petiole shorter than the leaflets; stipules 1–5 mm long, subulate to linear-caudate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly 10–30(40) cm long, rather shortly pedunculate, subdensely many flowered; bracts 2–8(10) mm long, subulate or linear-caudate; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, 2–8(10) mm long, linear-caudate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–7 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, appressed puberulous to spreading tomentose; lobes narrowly triangular-acuminate, as long as the tube or longer.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, bright yellow, usually veined reddish-brown; wings markedly shorter than the keel; keel 1.2–1.7 cm long, rather strongly rounded about the middle, with a narrow beak incurved towards the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, (3.5)3.8–5(6) cm long, narrowly cylindrical, sometimes shortly curved upwards at the tip, sparsely puberulous to densely spreading pubescent, 30–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–4 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, brown.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrubby much-branched perennial, up to 1–4 m. tall, woody at the base.
    Branches
    Branches often slightly ribbed, with variable indumentum, appressed puberulous to spreading yellowish tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate; leaflets elliptic, sometimes narrowly so, up to 5–10·5(–12) cm. long, 2–5·5 cm. wide, acute to bluntly pointed, often acuminate, glabrous to pubescent above, puberulous to pilose beneath, discolorous, dark green above; petiole 2–5·2 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate to linear-caudate, ± 1–5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes rather shortly pedunculate, up to 11–28(–40) cm. long, with many rather closely arranged flowers; bracts subulate or linear-caudate, 2–8(–10) mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, linear-caudate, 2–8(–10) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 6–7 mm. long, appressed puberulous to spreading tomentose; lobes acuminate, subequal to or a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, bright yellow, usually veined reddish-brown, glabrous outside; wings much shorter than the keel; keel rather strongly rounded about the middle, with a narrow slightly incurved untwisted beak, (10–)14–17 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, cylindrical, sometimes curved shortly upwards at the tip, 38–50 (–60) mm. long, 7–9 mm. across, sparsely puberulous to densely spreading pubescent, ± 30–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 3 mm. long, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Margins and clearings of upland rain-forest, upland evergreen bushland and grassland, at lower altitudes mostly along river banks and at swamp margins, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 1150–2550 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Guinea-Congolia/Zambez
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Malaya, Vietnam

    Crotalaria cleomifolia Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hepper, F.N. [1182], Nigeria 741.000
    Kässner, T. [838] K000412627 isotype
    Harris, T. [300], Mozambique K000613375

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 43 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 158.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 350
    • in F.T.A. 2: 43 (1871)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 147 (1962).
    • Tone in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 55 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 552 (1958).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 247 (1953).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 158 (1953).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 275 (1948).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 398 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 350 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 43 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Oliver, D. (1871). Flora of Tropical Africa Reeve & Co., London

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0