1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cuspidata Taub.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Benin to Tanzania and Angola.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual, (0.3)0.5–1.3 m tall, sparingly branched; stem obscurely ribbed, densely silky pilose.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, the uppermost generally 1-foliolate; leaflets 15–45 × 3–13 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, obtuse or rounded to the markedly apiculate apex, pilose on both surfaces, more densely beneath; petiole 7–10(15) mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, setaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, sessile, (5)10–30 cm long, densely many-flowered, with other flowers clustered in the axils below; bracts 2–3 mm long, setaceous; bracteoles on the pedicel, 0.5–1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4 mm long, densely silky pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 1.5–2.5 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, dull yellow, veined and flushed brown outside, densely pubescent apically outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 7–9 mm long, angular, with a long narrow twisted beak incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 5–6 mm long, shortly oblong-obovoid, densely pubescent outside, hairy along the suture inside, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, yellow to brown.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 1 m. tall, sparingly branched.
    Stem
    Stem obscurely ribbed, densely pilose with fine often golden-yellow subappressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, with the uppermost generally 1-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate-oblong, up to 20–45 mm. long, 3–13 mm. wide, obtuse or rounded and markedly apiculate, cuneate, pilose on both surfaces, more densely so beneath; petiole 7–10(–15) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 2–4 mm. long, persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long, terminal, sessile, ± 15–30 cm. long, with many crowded flowers and others clustered in many of the axils below; bracts linear, 2–3 mm. long; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3·5–4 mm. long, with the tube slightly protracted on the lower side, appressed pilose; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, ± 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, dull yellow, veined and tinged brown outside, densely pubescent apically outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long narrow twisted beak, 7–9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose-ellipsoid, 5–6 mm. long, densely appressed pubescent outside, thinly pubescent along the suture inside, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 3 mm. long, smooth, ochre to brown.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland and Brachystegia woodland; 1200–1800m.; probably also occurring at lower altitudes in areas of Brachystegia woodland
    Distribution
    Zambia and Congo west to northern Nigeria T4 T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; woodland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Central African Repu, Chad, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria cuspidata Taub. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 205 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 323 (1968).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 284 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 205 (1895).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0