1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cylindrocarpa DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Perennial up to 60 cm tall, with generally several pubescent ascending or spreading stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, (1.5)2–7 × 0.4–2.3 cm, oblong-oblanceolate to elliptic, subrhombic or obovate-oblong, subglabrous to appressed pubescent beneath; petioles mostly 1–3 cm long; stipules (4)7–14 mm long, obliquely linear-lanceolate to falcate, acuminate, markedly unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 3.5–23 cm long, with few to many flowers rather closely arranged at least towards the top; bracts 2–5(8) mm long, filiform, early caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–8(10) mm long, appressed puberulous; lobes triangular-subulate, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, yellow, marked reddish-brown or orange, glabrous or practically so outside; wings as long as the keel; keel (1)1.15–1.5 cm long, abruptly rounded in the lower half, with a straight tapered beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod 2.3–3 × 0.8–1 cm, cylindrical, abruptly contracted to the 1–4 mm long stipe, thinly appressed puberulous, c. 18–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 4 mm long, oblong-reniform, with a very small aril, minutely granulate, pale yellow to brown.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A branched shrubby herb, up to 6 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow tinged red.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial, generally with several stems ascending or spreading from a well-developed rootstock, up to 6 dm. tall, though sometimes much smaller.
    Stem
    Stem finely ribbed, pubescent with closely appressed or (especially in East Africa) mostly slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, oblanceolate-oblong to elliptic, rhombic or obovate-oblong, up to 20–70 mm. long, 8–23 mm. wide, glabrous above, thinly appressed pubescent to subglabrous beneath; petiole up to 15–35 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules obliquely linear-lanceolate to falcate, 7–14 mm. long, 1·5–4 mm. wide, acuminate, markedly unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 3·5–23 cm. long, with few to many flowers rather closely arranged at least towards the top; bracts filiform, 2–5(–8) mm. long, pubescent, early caducous; bracteoles inserted on the receptacle or on the markedly ascending pedicel, filiform, 1–2 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–8(–10) mm. long, appressed puberulous; upper and lateral lobes on each side usually rather persistently coherent at the tips, triangular-subulate, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, yellow, marked reddish-brown or orange, glabrous or almost so outside; wings as long as the keel; keel abruptly rounded in the lower half with a straight untwisted tapering beak, (10–) 11·5–15 mm. long, conspicuously lanate-pubescent on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod cylindrical, abruptly contracted into the 1–4 mm. long stipe, 23–30 mm. long, 8–10 mm. across, thinly appressed puberulous, 18–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, ± 4 mm. long, with a very small aril, minutely granulate, pale yellow to brown.
    Habitat
    Grassland, persisting on cultivated ground; 900 to ±1200 m.
    Distribution
    K5 U1 U3 W. Africa
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transitional zone; wooded grassland.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria cylindrocarpa DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Meikle, R.D. [941], Nigeria 11453.000
    Roger [28], Senegal K000412925
    Fries [801] K000227451 holotype

    First published in Prodr. 2: 133 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 126.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 414
    • —F.T.A. 2: 40
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 224 (1968).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 75 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 126 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 383 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 414 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 40 (1871).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 133 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0