1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria cylindrostachys Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, 3–12 dm. tall, usually with numerous ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stems sparsely hirsute with rather long bristly and somewhat spreading tawny hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets ovate-lanceolate to elliptic, sometimes ovate, up to 32–80 mm. long and 15–30 mm. wide, sparsely pilose on both surfaces; petiole ± 4–7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 4–6(–8) mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes usually distinctly pedunculate, dense, up to 17(–23) cm. long, many-flowered; bracts filiform, 5–7 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 2–4 mm. long, sparsely hirsute; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube or a little longer.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, dull yellow, purplish-brown veined and glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a short rather blunt slightly incurved untwisted beak, 4–4·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose, somewhat compressed laterally, 6–8 mm. long, very densely covered in brown bristly hairs, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 3 mm. long, wrinkled, brown.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and deciduous bushland, often on sandy soils, grassland, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 1000–1600 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T5 T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual, 0.3–1.2 m tall, with usually numerous hirsute ascending branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly 3–8 × 1.2–3 cm, ovate-lanceolate to elliptic or sometimes ovate, pilose, often sparsely so, on both surfaces; stipules 4–8 mm long, filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 17(23) cm long, usually pedunculate, dense, many-flowered; bracts 5–7 mm long, filiform; bracteoles inserted at base of the calyx, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–4 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, sparsely hirsute; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, dull yellow, purplish-brown veined; wings exceeding the keel; keel 4–4.5 mm long, rounded about the middle, with a short rather blunt slightly incurved beak, 4–4.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 6–8 mm long, subglobose, somewhat compressed laterally, densely brown villous, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, wrinkled, brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria cylindrostachys Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [1351], Angola K000412603
    Hornby, R.M. [106A], Tanzania 15482.000
    Welwitsch [1941], Angola K000412604 isotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 15 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 27 (1962).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 414 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 257 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 15 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0