1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria deserticola Taub. ex Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; woodland, Afromontane grassland, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone ; woodland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone;
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, generally erect, laxly branched, up to 7–15 dm. tall, but under adverse conditions sometimes low and diffuse.
    Stem
    Stem obscurely ribbed, thinly appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, linear to oblanceolate or elliptic, up to 20–75 mm. long, 2–28 mm. wide, glabrous above, thinly appressed puberulous beneath; petiole up to 12–35 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate-caudate to linear-lanceolate, up to 1–4 mm. long, mostly rather persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 10–30 cm. long, usually many-flowered; bracts filiform to linear-lanceolate, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, very small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–7 mm. long, protracted on the lower side, glabrous to appressed pubescent; upper lobes narrowly triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic, obovate or suborbicular, yellow, usually veined reddish-brown, glabrous to medially puberulous outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a long narrow twisted beak, 6–18 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong-clavate, narrowed basally into the 3–9 mm. long stipe, (15–)20–40 mm. long, 4–11 mm. across, appressed puberulous, ± 16–30-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, usually smooth, rarely slightly rugulose, yellowish to brown.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual, usually 0.5–1.5 m tall; branches thinly appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, mostly 2–7.5 × 0.2–3 cm, linear to oblanceolate or elliptic, thinly appressed puberulous beneath; petiole 1–4(5) cm long; stipules 0.5–4 mm long, subulate-caudate to linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes laxly 8–24-flowered; bracts 1–3 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles on the pedicel, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–7 mm long, glabrous to thinly pubescent; upper lobes narrowly triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic to subcircular, yellow usually veined reddish-brown, glabrous to medially puberulous outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel 8–11 mm long in the Flora Zambesiaca area (6–18 mm elsewhere), bent at right angles in the lower half, with a long narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod (1.5)2–3(4) × 0.4–0.7(1.1) cm, oblong-clavate, narrowed into the 3–5(9) mm long stipe, appressed puberulous, c. 16–30-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 mm long, smooth to slightly rugulose, yellowish to brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria deserticola Taub. ex Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1969 Graham, R.M. [1766], Kenya K000058656
    Jul 1, 1969 Rawlins, S.P. [323], Kenya K000058658
    Jul 1, 1965 Rawlins, S.P. [8960], Kenya K000058659
    Jan 14, 1931 Thorold, C.A. [1557], Kenya K000058657
    Troupin, G. [3209], Rwanda 9252.000
    Bidgood, S. [6289], Tanzania K000468136
    Stuhlmann [3483], Tanzania K000412656

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 383 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 312 (1968).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 383 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0