1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria distans Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian grassland, Kalahari-Highveld Regional Transition Zone - woodland, Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; grassland.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect or ascending annual, (0.2)0.3–1.3 m tall; branches appressed or subappressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.5–6.5 × 0.3–1.5 cm, linear to oblong-oblanceolate, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 0.5–1.5(2) cm long; stipules 1–4 mm long, linear-subulate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 6–30(40) cm long, laxly 6–30-flowered; bracts 1–3.5 mm long, linear-subulate to linear-lanceolate, shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles on the calyx or just below, 0.5–3 mm long, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–7 mm long, appressed pubescent; lobes triangular, 0.8–1.5 times as long as the tube, occasionally longer in northern parts of Zimbabwe.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, lined and later often flushed reddish or purplish, pubescent outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 0.8–1.8 cm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod with a stipe 0.5–4 mm long, 1.2–2.8 × 0.6–0.8(1) cm, oblong-obovoid, oblong-ellipsoid or subcylindrical, with the upper suture impressed, pubescent, c. 14–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces

    Introduced into:

    Queensland

    Crotalaria distans Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wood, J.M. [4481] K000227124
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000227122
    Burke [403; 369], South Africa K000227123 Unknown type material

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 582 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0