1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria dolichantha Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Short-lived perennial with an erect stem and many procumbent and then ascending branches from near the base, up to ± 4 dm. tall.
    Branches
    Branches densely pilose with fine white ± crisped spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, but the uppermost usually 1-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong, up to 26–48 mm. long and 6–10 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, thinly pubescent with very fine hairs on both surfaces; petiole ± 6–20 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, fairly lax, up to 10–20 cm. long, ± 12–32-flowered; bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 3–5 mm. long, a little shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles inserted below the middle of the pedicel, filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–8·5 mm. long, with the tube slightly protracted on the lower side, pilose; upper lobes triangular-subulate, more than twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, veined and flushed red outside, thinly pubescent medially and apically outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long narrow twisted beak, 15–16 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary shortly stipitate, pilose, ± 18-ovulate.
    Fruits
    Pod and seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Grassland of open disturbed places; 1260 m.
    Distribution
    known only from the above gathering T5
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria dolichantha Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Greenway, P.J. [11637], Tanzania K000412671 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 25: 288 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 25: 288, fig. 6 (1971).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0