1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria filicaulis Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 5–13 dm. tall, with slender ascending branches above.
    Stem
    Stem slender, rather densely white appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, with the uppermost 1-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate, up to 18 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, acute to shortly rounded at the apex, long-cuneate, glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 5 mm long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 14–27 cm. long, mostly many-flowered, sometimes with a few other flowers in the axils below; bracts linear, up to 1·5 mm. long, shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, up to 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–3·5(–4) mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, densely silvery appressed pubescent; upper lobes triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-orbicular, yellow, marked reddish at the base inside and reddish veined outside, silvery tomentose outside; wings longer than the keel; keel abruptly roundedpractically at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow twisted beak, 3·5–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose-ovoid, shortly pointed, 4–5 mm. long, appressed pubescent, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds suborbicular-cordiform, ± 2–2·5 mm. across, without a prominent aril, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, usually on sandy soils, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 900–1500 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual 20–120 cm tall; stem slender, often with numerous ascending branches and shorter flowering branches above, usually densely silvery appressed pubescent, elsewhere sometimes sparsely puberulous to subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, uppermost sometimes 1-foliolate; leaflets 10–20(30) × 0.5–2.5(4) mm, linear-oblanceolate, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole 1–7(12) mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Terminal racemes 6–25 cm long, laxly 10–40-flowered, shorter on lateral branches, sometimes developing a few flowers in the axils below; bracts 1–4 mm long, shortly linear-elliptic to linear-subulate; pedicel 1.5–4 mm long, with setaceous bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–3.5 mm long, usually silvery tomentellous, elsewhere sometimes subglabrous; upper lobes rather broadly triangular, often slightly acuminate, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate to oblate, pale yellow, marked red at the base inside, lined red outside, tomentellous outside or elsewhere sometimes puberulous only near the apex; wings longer than the keel; keel 4–5 mm long, subangular, with a tapered twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 4–5 × 3.5–4 mm, ovoid-globose, puberulous, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5–3 mm long, rounded-cordiform.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria filicaulis Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5666], Tanzania K000468758
    Welwitsch [1982], Angola K000227436 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 24 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 43 (1962).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 207 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 401 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 291 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 24 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0