1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria glauca Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or spreading annual or short-lived perennial, up to 5–12(–18) dm. tall, slender-stemmed, laxly branched above, glabrous or practically so.
    Leaves
    Leaves subsessile, simple; blade varying from linear to oblong-lanceolate or elliptic, up to 10–85 mm. long, 2–10 mm. wide, glaucous.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 4–15(–20) cm. long, 3–12-flowered; bracts linear to narrowly elliptic, 1–9 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6(–7) mm. long, glabrous or sparsely puberulous; lobes narrow, much longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, veined brown outside; wings longer than the keel, bright yellow; keel semi-orbicular, crested behind the small often slightly circumflexed blunt beak, 6–8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod cylindrical, with the 2·5–7 mm. long stipe ± 16–32 mm. long, glabrous, ± 12–32-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds obliquely oblong-cordiform, 2–3 mm. long, smooth, shiny bottle-green to brown.
    Habitat
    Grassland, deciduous woodland and open bushland, restricted to locally damp places in generally dry areas, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 500–2280 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 widespread in all but the very driest parts of tropical Africa
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone; grassland., Sudanian grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual or short-lived perennial, laxly branched above, up to 0.5–1.2(1.8) m tall, with a rather slender glabrous or subglabrous stem.
    Leaves
    Leaves almost always estipulate, subsessile, simple; blade (1.2)2–8.5 × 0.2–1(1.5) cm, linear to oblong-lanceolate, oblong or rarely elliptic-obovate, glabrous or practically so, ± glaucous, sometimes drying blackish.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes laxly 3–12-flowered; bracts 1–9 mm long, linear to narrowly elliptic; bracteoles on the pedicel, filiform, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–7 mm long, glabrous or sparsely puberulous; lobes narrow, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, pale yellow, veined brownish, glabrous outside; wings exceeding the keel, bright yellow; keel 6–8 mm long, semicircular, crested behind the small beak.
    Fruits
    Pod with the (3)4–7 mm long stipe (1.8)2.4–3.6 cm long, cylindrical, glabrous, 24–32-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–3 mm long, obliquely oblong-cordiform, smooth, shiny, bottle-green to brown.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect glabrous herb, 1–3 tt. high, or taller in long grass
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, distant on lax axillary and terminal racemes
    Note
    Plant drying black in var. welwitschii Bak. f.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria glauca Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1886], Cameroon K000746598
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [6734], Kenya K000412777 isotype
    Tamajong, S. [FHI 23477], Cameroon K000086889

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 3: 974 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 102, t. 6.
    • Chev. Bot. 168
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 259 (incl. var. welwitschii Bak. f.)
    • —F.T.A. 2: 12
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 75 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 245 (1953).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 102, t. 6 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 182 (1952).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 270 (1948).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 415 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 259 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 204 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 12 (1871).
    • Willd., Sp. PI. 3: 974 (1802).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0