1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria goreensis Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde to Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Stems herbaceous, woody below, or an undershrub to 5 ft. high, with a woody taproot
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, turning reddish
    Ecology
    In waste places.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial of rather varied habit, 0.3–2.6 m tall; branches densely pubescent with appressed to slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, 2.5–8.5 × 0.8–2.5 cm, linear-oblanceolate to lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or obovate, appressed pubescent at least beneath; petioles mostly 3.5–6.5 cm long; stipules 9–25 × 3–7 mm, oblong-falcate, acuminate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 4–24 cm long, with many flowers crowded at least towards the top; bracts 3–4 mm long, subulate or filiform, early caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long, pubescent; lobes subulate-triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, yellow, veined or suffused with orange, brown or purple, glabrous outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 8.5–10(11.5) mm long, angled in the lower half, with a straight beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod (1.2)1.5–2 × 0.7–0.9 cm, subsessile, oblong-ellipsoid, pubescent, 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 4 mm long, oblong-reniform, with a small aril, minutely granulate, sometimes radially veined, yellow, usually tinged orange or red.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone; grassland., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian woodland, Guineo-Congolian grasslands, Sudanian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Gambia Pea, Taimborika
    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or rather spreading annual or short-lived perennial, up to 6–26 dm. tall, simple to much branched.
    Stem
    Stem ribbed, densely pubescent, with appressed or usually mostly slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–foliolate; leaflets variable, narrowly oblaneeolate-oblong to obovate, up to 35–85 mm. long, 8–25 mm. wide, glabrous or sparsely appressed pubescent above, thinly appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 35–65 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules oblong-falcate, 9–25 mm. long, 3–7 mm. wide, acuminate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 4–24 cm. long, with many flowers crowded at least towards the top; bracts subulate or filiform, 3–4 mm. long, early caducous; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, 1–1·5 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, appressed or rather spreading pubescent especially on the lobes; lobes subulate-triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, yellow, veined or suffused with orange, brown or purple, glabrous outside; wings oblong, a little shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a well-developed straight untwisted beak, 8·5–10(–11·5) mm. long, conspicuously white lanate-pubescent on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, oblong-ellipsoid, 15–20 mm. long, 7–9 mm. across, thinly pubescent with appressed or slightly spreading hairs, often mottled brown or purplish, 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, ± 4 mm. long, with a small aril, minutely granulate, sometimes radially veined, yellow, usually tinged orange or red.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and grassland, sometimes on termite mounds, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 600–2400 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 widespread in tropical Africa, except the extreme east and south

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, French Guiana, Guyana, Madagascar, Malaya, Nauru, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Thailand, Western Australia

    Crotalaria goreensis Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Lotter, M.C. [1766], Mozambique K000787934
    Schimper [708], Ethiopia K000412842 syntype
    Schimper [708], Ethiopia K000412843 syntype
    Mann [37], Bioko K000412928 syntype
    Barter [1789] K000412926 syntype
    Barter [1782] K000412927
    Quartin-Dillon [135] K000412844 Unknown type material

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 165 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 124, fig. 10.
    • Chev. Bot. 169
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 413
    • —F.T.A. 2: 28
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 74 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 124, fig. 10 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 191 (1952).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 281 (1948).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 383 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 413 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 28 (1871).
    • Benth. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 589 (1843).
    • Guill. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 165 (1832).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Harden, G. J. (Ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
    • Hacker, J. B. (1990). A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0