1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria graminicola Taub. ex Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A perennial herb
    Ecology
    Usually in burnt grassland
    Stem
    Numerous nearly simple tufted stems 6–12 in. high, from a woody base
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Stems numerous, spreading to erect from a vertical and/or rhizomatous rootstock, simple to sparingly branched and 5–20 cm tall at flowering time (subsequent vegetative shoots branching and taller), slender, slightly ribbed, appressed puberulous to subappressed pubescent (hairs 0.1–0.2 mm long).
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 5–15 × 2–7 mm, oblanceolate to obovate, rounded to emarginate at the apex, appressed puberulous to pubescent beneath, rarely also above; petiole 2–12 mm long, broadly channelled to slightly winged; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 2–10(18) cm long, sublaxly to laxly 6–20(30)-flowered; bracts 1–3 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles on the pedicel, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx (2.5)3–4 mm long, appressed pubescent; upper lobes lanceolate-triangular, 1.5–2 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, yellow, generally lined and later flushed reddish-purple or brown, pubescent at least along the midvein outside, often more extensively on the upper part; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 4–5(7) mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak at least slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod nearly sessile, 3.5–5 mm long, subglobose-ovoid, appressed puberulous, 1–4-seeded (ovules 2–6(8)).
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, rounded-cordiform, smooth, brown, generally exarillate in the Flora Zambesiaca area.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian woodland, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian woodland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial with a number of erect or decumbent stems from a woody rootstock and under favourable conditions also from woody rhizomes, 5–35cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems slightly ribbed, shortly appressed or rarely spreading pubescent, sometimes glabrescent at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblan-ceolate to obovate, up to 12–17 mm. long and 4–10 mm. wide, but often much smaller, rounded or emarginate at the apex, glabrous or sparsely puberulous above, appressed puberulous or pubescent beneath; petiole sometimes conspicuously grooved or narrowly winged, up to 4–10 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, up to 10 cm. long, with ± 15–24 fairly closely or laxly arranged flowers; bracts subulate, ± 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, appressed puberulous; upper lobes attenuate-triangular, usually longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, sometimes veined reddish-brown or purplish outside, puberulous outside at least on the midvein, usually on most of the veins; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long straight or slightly incurved twisted beak, 6–8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, subglobose-ovoid, a little pointed, slightly compressed laterally, appressed pubescent, 4–5·5 mm. long, 1–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-cordiform, up to 2 mm. long, with a small aril, smooth, maroon-brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 134.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and upland grassland, both in damp sandy and dry stony places, fire tolerant; 900–2100 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 Burundi and Rwanda west to Nigeria

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria graminicola Taub. ex Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1965 Milne-Redhead, E. [1010], Zambia K000227415 Unknown type material
    Dalziel, J.M. [377], Nigeria K000412871 lectotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1010], Zambia K000227414 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 291 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hepper in Kew Bull. 1956: 118.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 291 (1914)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 549 (1958).
    • Hepper in Kew Bulletin 11: 118 (1956)
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 291 (1914), pro parte.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0