1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria grandistipulata Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect perennial, with 1(several) simple or sparsely branched ± sericeous-tomentose stems up to 45–70(100) cm tall, from a well developed swollen taproot.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets (4)6–9.5(12) × (1.5)2.5–5 cm, oblong-obovate, sparsely to conspicuously pubescent above, silky pubescent beneath; petiole shorter than leaflets; stipules 1.5–3.5 cm long, oblong-falcate, acuminate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, subdense, becoming lax, mostly 8–15-flowered; bracts up to 11 mm long, ovate, caudate, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.2–1.6 cm long, densely silvery pubescent; lobes free, attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, yellow, tinged and fading reddish-orange, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, exceeding the keel; keel 1.9–2.1 cm long, abruptly rounded near the middle, with a rather short practically straight beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod 3–4.5 × 1.2–1.5 cm, shortly stipitate, broadly cylindrical, velvety tomentose, mostly 14–18-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5–5.5 mm long, oblong-reniform, smooth or granulate, brownish, tinged orange-red.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial, with a single usually unbranched stem from a well-developed swollen taproot, up to 4·5–7(–10) dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem ribbed or terete towards the base, densely silky pubescent or tomentose with mostly appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblong-obovate, up to 7–9·5 cm. long, 2·5–4·8 cm. wide, appressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole ± 2–5·5 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules oblong-falcate, up to 17–35 mm. long, 6–20 mm. wide, acuminate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, dense, up to 6–13 cm. long, ± 8–15-flowered; bracts ovate-caudate, up to 11 mm. long, 6 mm. wide, caducous; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, linear-subulate, 3·5–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 14–16 mm. long, densely silky pubescent; upper lobes free at anthesis, attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, tinged and fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded near the middle, with a rather short practically straight blunt untwisted beak, 19–21 mm. long, lanate towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, broadly cylindrical, 35–40 mm. long, 15 mm. across, velvety tomentose, ± 14–18-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 5–5·5 mm. long, smooth or granulate, brownish, tinged orange-red.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia, Uapaca woodland; 1000–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T7 T8

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria grandistipulata Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9307], Tanzania 3219.000
    Bidgood, S. [5355], Tanzania K000190585

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 399 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 71 (1962).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 130 (1953).
    • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 5: 349, fig. 3/2, 4, 6, 8 & 10 (1951).
    • Harms in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 399 (1900).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0