1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria hyssopifolia Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial 10–70 cm tall, developing numerous ascending or spreading branches; stem slender, appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 8–25 × 2–8(12) mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate or obovate, rounded, truncate or emarginate at the apex, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 2–12(18) mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 2–11(20) cm long, subdensely to sublaxly (10)20–40-flowered, sometimes with a few other flowers in the axils below; bracts 0.7–1.5 mm long, linear to shortly linear-lanceolate; pedicel 1.5–4 mm long, with minute bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3.5 mm long, appressed pubescent; upper lobes narrowly triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, yellow, reddish lined and pubescent outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 3.5–5 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 3–4(4.5) mm long, ovoid-globose, appressed pubescent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, subcordiform, smooth, with a generally prominent aril.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial with many ascending or spreading branches, up to 7 dm. tall, often much less.
    Stem
    Stem slender, sometimes finely ribbed, appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obcuneiform to oblanceolate-oblong or obovate, up to 14–22 mm. long, 6–8(–12) mm. wide, often smaller, rounded, truncate or slightly emarginate at the apex, glabrous or practically so above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 4–12(–18) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes subsessile to shortly pedunculate, up to 11 cm. long, with numerous usually fairly closely arranged or crowded flowers and sometimes others in the axils below; bracts linear, up to 1·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3·5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, appressed pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, ± 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-elliptic, yellow, reddish veined and pubescent outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow practically straight twisted beak, 3·5–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose-ovoid, 3–4(–4·5) mm. long, appressed pubescent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds subcordiform, up to 2 mm. long, usually with a prominent aril, smooth, brownish.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, grassland, also persisting on roadsides, fallow fields and less commonly on swampy ground and clay soils; 10–1350(–2100) m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 K7 P T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Sudan and Congo west to Nigeria and Senegal
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone ; woodland.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect herb, branched above and sometimes below, 1–2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria hyssopifolia Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [6075], Tanzania K000468350
    Bidgood, S. [5861], Tanzania K000468564

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 55 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hepper in Kew Bull. 1956: 118
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 217
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 286
    • —F.T.A. 2: 24
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 549 (1958).
    • Hepper in Kew Bulletin 11: 118 (1956)
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 403 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 286 (1914), pro parte.
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 205 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 24 (1871), pro parte.
    • Klotzsch in Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 1: 55 (1862).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0