1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria kirkii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Kenya to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual or short-lived perennial, up to 60 cm tall, with few ascending ribbed appressed puberulous branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate (rarely a few of the uppermost 1-foliolate), estipulate; leaflets mostly 6–13 × 0.4–1 cm, linear-lanceolate, but the lower ones up to 2 cm wide, elliptic to ovate, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole shorter than the leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 17–30 cm long, many-flowered; bracts filiform, 0.5–2 mm long; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, less than 1 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers similar to C. trichotoma.
    Fruits
    Pods subsessile, 2.4–3 × 0.5–0.6 cm, cylindrical, appressed puberulous, c. 50-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, terra-cotta.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 6 dm. tall, with ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stem ribbed, appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, rarely with a few of the uppermost 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly linear-lanceolate, with the upper ones longer and proportionally narrower, up to 60–130 mm. long, 5–10 mm. wide, the lower ones sometimes elliptic to ovate, up to 20 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 30–58 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 17–30 cm. long, with many rather closely arranged flowers; bracts filiform, 0·5–2 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, less than 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3–4(–4·5) mm. long, glabrous or sparsely appressed puberulous; lobes generally reduced to small widely spaced subulate teeth much shorter than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic, yellow, fading buff, veined reddish-purple and glabrous outside; wings generally a little shorter than the keel, with a conspicuous dark mark at the base; keel shortly rounded about the middle, with a slightly incurved sharp untwisted beak, 12–14 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, cylindrical, up to 24–30 mm. long, 5–6 mm. across, appressed puberulous, ± 50-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2·5 mm. long, smooth, deep terracotta.
    Habitat
    Valley grassland and Brachystegia woodland, persisting on cultivated ground; 0–1020 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Crotalaria kirkii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9314], Tanzania 745.000
    Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000412616 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 36 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 416 (1949).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 346 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 36 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0