1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria laburnoides Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Somalia and S. Africa, Aldabra, Comoros.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 7 dm. tall, much branched particularly towards the base.
    Stem
    Stem subappressed pubescent or less commonly subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate to elliptic or obovate, up to 20–58 mm. long, 10–26 mm. wide, glabrous above, shortly appressed pubescent or rarely glabrous beneath; petiole ± 15–32 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate-caudate or linear, up to 2–4 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 6–18 cm. long, with few to many laxly or rather closely arranged flowers; bracts linear-lanceolate, ± 2–3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, filiform, up to 2 mm. long, deciduous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–7 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, shortly appressed pubescent; upper lobes in bud triangular-lanceolate, rather abruptly contracted to an excentric apiculate apex, usually puberulous along the margins inside, becoming attenuate and glabrescent inside in the mature flowers.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, finely veined with red, turning orange, puberulous outside; wings obovate-oblong, ± as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a narrow twisted beak, 8–11 mm. long, lanate-pilose along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, broadly oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, 14–23 mm. long, 8–14 mm. across, puberulous or glabrous outside, often with small scattered hairs inside, ± 16–28-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds obUque-cordiform, ± 2·5 mm. long, smooth, shiny, light tan.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual (0.1)0.3–1.5 m tall; branches appressed pubescent, sometimes glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2–6 × 0.8–2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic to elliptic, usually appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm long; stipules 1.5–4 mm long, linear-subulate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes (4)10–15 cm long, (8)12–24-flowered; buds ascending; bracts 1.5–3 mm long, linear-subulate to linear-lanceolate, bracteoles on the calyx, 0.5–2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–8 mm long, usually appressed pubescent; upper lobes oblong to triangular-lanceolate, rather abruptly contracted to an excentric apiculate tip, 1.5–2.5 times as long as the tube, usually with white hairs along the margins inside, becoming attenuate and glabrescent inside in mature flowers.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic to subcircular, yellow, finely veined and ageing reddish, pubescent outside; wings oblong-obovate, ± as long as the keel; keel 9–11 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak, lanate along the upper suture.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, 1.6–2.4 × (0.8)1–1.4 cm, broadly oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, appressed puberulous to glabrous, c. 16–28-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.8 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, yellowish to brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone - grassland., Zambezian grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Comoros, Congo, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Crotalaria laburnoides Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1974 Torre, A.R. [7759], Mozambique K000627779
    Jul 1, 1965 Greenway, P.J. [5053], Tanzania K000627771
    Jul 1, 1965 Faulkner, H.G. [2851], Tanzania K000627775
    Jul 1, 1965 Faulkner, H.G. [2333], Tanzania K000627776
    Jul 1, 1965 Faulkner, H.G. [2333], Tanzania K000627777
    Jul 1, 1965 Kirk [61], Tanzania K000412665
    Jul 1, 1965 Vaughan, J.H. [541], Tanzania K000627778
    Jul 1, 1965 Echlin [13], Kenya K000627761
    Jul 1, 1965 Echlin [13], Kenya K000627762
    Jul 1, 1965 Jeffery, J.W. [872], Kenya K000627763
    Drummond, R.B. [3646], Tanzania K000627768
    Jackson, G. [1853], Malawi K000627783
    Robertson, S.A. [6430], Kenya K000627759
    Leach, L.C. [12333], Mozambique K000627780
    Leach, L.C. [10919], Mozambique K000627781
    Polhill, E. [461], Kenya K000627765
    Polhill, E. [461], Kenya K000627766
    Carter [2484], Tanzania K000627767
    Verdcourt, B. [3940], Kenya K000627764
    Mwasumbi, L.B. [11119], Tanzania K000627772
    Luke, P.A. [567], Kenya K000627760
    Katende, A.B. [1375], Uganda K000627758
    Frazier, J. [2193], Tanzania K000627770
    Jumod [388], Mozambique K000627782

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 57 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 338 (1914).
    • Klotzsch in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot. 1: 57 (1862).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Fosberg, F. R. & Renvoize, S. A. (1980). Leguminosae. In: Flora of Aldabra. Kew Bull. Addn. Ser. 7:97-119

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0