1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria lachnocarpoides Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Bushy slightly woody herb or small shrub, up to 0.5–2(2.7) m tall, very densely covered with mostly rather long fine spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 3.5–7 × 1–2.5 cm, oblanceolate-oblong or narrowly oblong-elliptic, rounded to truncate and apiculate, densely pilose on both surfaces, rather felty; stipules 5–8 mm long, linear.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax to dense, mostly 4–12-flowered; bracts up to 8–11 mm long, linear to attenuate-lanceolate; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.5 cm long, tomentose; lobes ± narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, yellow, often tinged reddish-brown outside, fading orange-red, pubescent at least medially and apically outside; wings exceeding the keel; keel semicircular, shortly and bluntly beaked, 1.1–1.5(1.8) cm long, pubescent in a thin band towards the lower margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, 2.5–3.2 × 1.2–1.5 cm, shortly and broadly cylindrical, with a dense shaggy tomentum, (12)20–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 mm long, obliquely oblong-cordiform, minutely granulate, usually shiny, pale yellow or ochre.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial woody herb or shrub, up to 5–20(–27) dm. tall, usually much branched and bushy above.
    Stem
    Stem terete, silky tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong or narrowly oblong-elliptic, more rarely elliptic-obovate, up to 35–70 mm. long, 12–25 mm. wide, densely grey silky pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 13 mm. long, usually much less.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 5–8 mm. long, persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax or dense, up to 10 cm. long in fruit, mostly 6–12-flowered; bracts linear to attenuate-lanceolate, up to 8–11 mm. long, persistent; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, up to 6–9 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–15 mm. long, tomentose with appressed or slightly spreading hairs; lobes usually narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, usually reddish-brown tinged outside, fading orange-red, pubescent at least medially and apically outside; wings longer than the keel; keel semiorbicular, with a short slightly incurved or straight blunt untwisted beak, 11–15(–18) mm. long, with a band of hairs towards the lower margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, broadly and shortly cylindrical, up to 25–30 mm. long, 12–13 mm. across, densely long spreading tomentose, (12–)20–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 3·5–4 mm. long, minutely granulate, usually shiny, pale yellow or ochre.
    Habitat
    Grassland, often with scattered trees or shrubs, or at forest margins and in upland evergreen bushland; 1200–2650 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Congo, Rwanda and Sudan to Ethiopia
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria lachnocarpoides Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8991], Tanzania 746.000
    Timberlake, J. [5164], Mozambique K000613544

    First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 246 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 247 (1953), excl. syn.
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 153 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 185 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 415 (1949).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 42, fig. 34 (1948).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 323 (1914), pro parte.
    • Engl. in Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 246 (1892).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0